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Lec 2.docx

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Lecture 2: Family in Transition Family as a social institution (I)—macro, structural changes Overall patterns Positive effects  Allow individual families to have a more diverse lifestyle, maintain their own desirable lifestyle Negative effects  Recession in Europe effects Canada  Effects immigrant communities  Challenging to organize family life Family as a social institution (II)–micro practices and activities Deliberate, personal effort  E.g. family dinner Entering into uncharted territory On-going negotiation  Who does what and why? In-class discussion: Applying the concept “staging of everyday family life” Identifying three macro-micro intersections in everyday family life; Identifying individuals who are affected; Demonstrating constrains, negotiations, and the outcomes; Discussing implications. Trends and implications Telling stories with figures and graphics  First column: major life events  Women younger than men in first marriage  Women got married younger in 1910 and then in 1960 (20s,30s,40s cold war)  1830 – 1840 first cold war o Women had kids at ages 27 – 41 = 14 year difference o Empty nest they were 61, widowed at 58 (before their children turned 20)  1960 – 1970 second cold war o Women has kids at ages 26 – 27 = 1 year difference o Having less children, getting more jobs, less willing, spending more time at school, abortion wasn’t legal until 1956 o Empty nest they were 47, widowed at 70  Allows us to envision what is going on in the family In class discussion Family size;  Bigger family = mother spent long time raising kids, will have many aunts/uncles Productive versus reproductive labour; What does this figure tell us?  Shows 2 trends: fertility rate decreases with age, shift in peak  Highest level when women has kids shifts o Women delay child baring  Women age group drops from 37% down to 22% for cold war of 1940  Cold war 1950 25% to 20%  They left the work force to have children  Cold war 1960, after this women no longer left the labour market even when they are producing younger generations o Very significant shifts: now there are 2 breadwinners, women need to make arrangements for child care immediately when child is born o This phenomenon hasn’t gone back and most likely will not o Face th
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