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SOC101Y1 Lecture Notes - Sociobiology

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Adam Green

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Lecture: Socialization
feral child – human child who has lived without human contact from a very young age
Example: Oxana was neglected by her parents and grew up with dogs
people assume men have more sexual partners than women
Darwin’s Evolutionary Theory
1. The characteristics of members of each species vary widely.
2. Species members with more adaptive characteristics are more likely to survive
until reproduction.
3. Therefore, the species characteristics that endure are those that increase the
survival chances of the species.
The Logic of Sociobiology
1. Identify a supposedly universal form of human behaviour.
2. Make up a story about why this behavior increases survival chances.
3. Assert that the behavior in question cannot be changed
male promiscuity is encouraged in society, thought to be “cool”
female promiscuity is looked down on in a negative way
Hunger is even mediated by culture in terms of : how much we eat, why we eat and how we feel
about having food in our body
Socializing Agents: schools, family, peer groups, media and technology
2nd generation foreigners have no accent because some agents take over others. In this case,
the media takes over families.
Habitus: (Pierre Bordieus 1930 – 2002) a psychic structure composed of a set of
unconscious dispositions that include patterns of thought, outlook, behavior, and taste
Example: the beehive was worn long after when it was popular in 1965
Example: Father and son are in a car and they keep switching radio stations. They have different
tastes in music because they are from 2 different generations and also 2 different habituses.
pretend a contact lens is red: the habitus is the contact lens so everything you see is red.
Middle class kids and working class kids have different aspirations because they are born into
their classes.
In the later 20’s, Paul Willis conducted a research of middle and lower working class kids at the
same high school. Working class kids were known as lads. They believed they wouldn’t be as
successful as the middle class and they valued masculinity over scholarship. Eventually they end
up dropping out of high school and develop a working class habitus.
The habitus arises from childhood.
How do you change someone’s habitus?
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