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Review and Durkheim.docx

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Doug Thomson

October 22 nd2012 Review and Durkheim - Marx: social class emerges from individual’s relationship to economy o Struggle and conflicting interests - Weber: it’s not just about the economy- also political and social power o Social class and social status matter o Bureaucracy: red tape, rationalization and efficiency, impersonal o Systems perpetuate inequality - Durkheim: how society functions to reproduce itself- social solidarity o Sense of morality holds society together o Groups of people to interact in regular patterned and predictable ways o Morality: set of roles or norms that guide and govern human action Solidarity o Allows people to act in accordance with their obligations to others and to society Mechanical to Organic: - Mechanical solidarity: primitive societies where people are held together by their similarities; each unit is basically self-sustaining and produces for themselves. Collective conscience: shared beliefs and sentiments (religion) - Organic solidarity: growing population densities require inter-dependence of people who are very different. Guided by distinct norms and values and overall decline in religion – weakening of collective conscience. DoL: engaged in specialized tasks and activities (no group can survive on their own) Durkheim and Social Inequality: - Growth in DoL will be beneficial to society as long as we recognize responsibility - Individuals all have an equal opportunity to take on the position that is most appropriate to their capabilities o When the division of labour fails to reinforce the ties that bind us, moral deregulation or anomie can occur o And the division of labour can become forced, when some people have more control than others and people do not all have equal access to different jobs  The state is the central organ of society and can deal with this Structural
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