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Lecture 3

Sociology Lecture 3.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Christian O.Caron

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- Human development index is a measure used to compare countries on how well they’re
doing in human development
- Before you can rank countries like this, you have to define and operationalize that
- Right now, HDI is operationalized as life expectancy at birth (population health and
longevity), education index (mean years of schooling), and standard of living (gross
national income per capita)
- To operationalize something you start out with a fuzzy concept, go further and further
into detail, decide what you will count, measure it
- Culture = the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are
passed from person to person and from one generation to the next
- Material culture = physical creations we make, use, and share
- Non-material culture = abstract human creations such as language, political systems,
etc.
- We learn about culture through interaction, observation, and imitation
- Culture is shared, earned, taken for granted, and symbolic (ex. maple leaf)
- Components of culture are symbols, language, values, and norms
- Dominant culture = culture of the most powerful group in society – receives the most
support from major institutions and constitutes the major belief system
- Popular culture = mass produced and mass distributed
- Consumerism acts as a social control mechanism that prevents countercultures from
disrupting social order by transforming deviations from mainstream culture into a means
of making money and by enticing rebels to become entrepreneurs
- Culture can be seen as constraining or enabling our choices, by increasing or
decreasing them
- Cultural diversity is becoming increasingly common so people can choose how culture
influences them because there is more to choose from

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Description
- Human development index is a measure used to compare countries on how well they’re doing in human development - Before you can rank countries like this, you have to define and operationalize that - Right now, HDI is operationalized as life expectancy at birth (population health and longevity), education index (mean years of schooling), and standard of living (gross national income per capita) - To operationalize something you start out with a fuzzy concept, go further and further into detail, decide what you will count, measure it - Culture = the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are passed from person to person and from one generation to the next - Material culture = physical creations we make, use, and share - Non-material culture = abstract human creations such as language, political systems, etc. - We learn about culture
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