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Lecture 4

SOC448H1s—WEEK 4.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Christian O.Caron

SOC448H1s—WEEK 4: 1. JAN PLAMPER—The History Of Emotions: An Interview With William Reddy, Barbara Rosenwein, And Peter Stearns Most important in this reading are the definitions William Reddy— • Emotive: AKA emotional expressions are an effort by the speaker to offer an interpretation of something that is observable to no other actor. o If emotions are feelings, emotives are the expression of those feelings through the use of language, specifically through constructions that explicitly describe emotional states or attitudes. o Rosenwein: emotives= the process by which emotions are managed and shaped, not only by society and its expectations but also by individuals themselves as they seek to express the inexpressible, namely how they feel • Emotional Regime: The set of normative emotions and the official rituals, practices and emotives that express and inculcate them; a necessary underpinning of any stable political regime o Often categorized as rigid (emotional norms are more sharply drawn and more rigorously enforced and therefore will be less stable) or loose (can tolerate substantial deviance) • Emotional Navigation: The process of maneuvering between different goal orientations of emotions. Barbara Rosenwein— • Emotional Community: Different emotions are dependent on the group. The same as social communities, families, neighbourhoods, parliaments, guilds, monasteries parish church membership, BUT the research looking at them seeks to uncover systems of feelings: what these communities (and the individuals within them define and assess as valuable or harmful to them, the evaluations that they make about others emotions the nature of the affective bond b/t people that they recognize, and the modes of emotional expression that they expect, encourage tolerate and deplore o Simplifies: emotional communities are social groups that adhere to the same valuations of emotions and how they should be expressed o Even more simplified, emotional communities are groups or people animated by common or similar interest, values and emotional styles and valuations Peter Stearns— • Emotionology: Attitudes or standards that a society or a definable group within a society maintain toward basic emotion and their appropriate expression; ways that institutions reflect and encourage these attitudes in human conduct, i.e. courtship practices as expressing the valuation of effect in marriage or personal workshops as reflecting the valuation of anger in job relationships o The science of emotions is much more than emotions by themselves. Emotionology explains how our emotions are interconnected to our thoughts and drive our behaviour and how we relate to the world around us o By understanding how these connections work we can change our thinking, change our behaviour and change how we relate to the world 2. DAWNE MOON—Powerful emotions: symbolic power and the (productive and punitive) force of collective feeling • Emotions can serve as a medium for actual social power: to silence, to incite discipline, to “articulate the principles of vision and division” for a particular group • Many sociologists who study emotion, they posit emotions as “transpersonal” rather than “internal.” • Bourdieu’s habitus (general constitution) captures how social power works through the dispositions that orient people in a particular social position. 1) How emotions can motivate classificatory struggles by breaking “bonds of complicity” 2) When doxa is constituted as orthodoxy, emotions can motivate and give power to what I call symbolic exclusion, symbolic efforts to assert performatively the boundaries of the collectivity and thus, the definition of the persons within it. Because belonging to a group defines individuals’ self-concepts as well as the groups’, emotions ensure that such struggles continue. 3) Emotions can inspire discipline in which people manage their intake of new information so as to avoid new understandings, new alliances, new subject positions, and to ensure compliance to the feeling rules that define group membership. • Examining the fierce contention among American Jews over the Arab-Israeli conflict and the place and meaning of anti-Semitism in that context oCase provides ex. of how people deploy punitive and disciplinary power through emotions, in their strug
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