•Many women in the article of the exotic dancer keep the life in the box.
•Others have focused on the special effects of the criminal justice system
and what that does for their potential to move beyond that.
•Schwartz and Skonick, except they have different encounters with
criminal justice system, some had no history of law violation, some
individiauls said they have been arrested by never convicted.
•They were arrested and convicted, but ---had a letter of judge saying it
was a mistake.
•Even if the person…and had a mistake, a miscarriage of justice, here is
a letter testifying that, the only person who got job offers was the one
who had no involvement of the criminal justice system.
•Because of their social class or race affects job opportunities.
•Another classic study by William Chambliss—looked at kids in high
school, he wanted to look at how criminal labels are applied on the
basis of social class.
•Important to note he chose only white kids, it allows him to isolate the
terms of social class. Today the sector of racial profiling is very
•For years, blacks and latinos have complained they have being stopped
for no reason because of their skin colour.
•Issue at airport. Eg. Should one get pulled out of the airport because of
their middle eastern descent.
•How common is this??
•We know that most common in any industrialized country in the world.
For a long time, U.S has a low stable incarceration rate. And then
something happened in the 1980s and it kept going up and up and up,
even after the crime rate dropped. Crime and punishment do not go
hand in hand.
•England has a prison rate of 142/100,000.
•U.S has a prison rate of 750,000/100,000.
•The really interesting thing is that Canada is so different. Canada is
an entire different story, very different one.
•Now is more 100-105/100,000 adults (Canada’s rate)
•Canada went up and down like other industries, we just kept chugging
•Clearly imprisonment rate varies differently than crime rates do.
•Finland, for a long time, their Nordic neighbours had a high rate. They
consider it is a national rate. They were going to lower their
incarceration rate, and they have maintained that it relatively low
incarceration rate over this period of time.