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Political Sociology

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Bob Andersen

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SOC297 Mar2 2011 Goals of LectureBrief discussion of gradesFocus on class voting in modern societies o How do we measure it o What can factors might account for crossnational differencesSocial cleavages and politics in modern societies o Lipset and Rokkans Freezing Hypothesis o Lijpharts work Prof will look at the paper up to 2 weeks before Some Background 1 Early Methods for Assessing Class VotingAbsolute class votingeg percent who are middle class Conservative voters or percent who are working class NDP voters o Workers used to be defined by manual labour vs all others o Measure used to be what proportion of the working class voted for the working class party parties were also grouped as either for workers or for everyone else o Criticisms What if there is no working class partyIt collapses class into 2 categories ignores differences within the classesy ie skilled vs unskilled working class ory professionals vs managers managers are highly tied to economic success but professionals are paid by the state professionals are different from managers in terms of education and so profs are more likely to be liberal than managers on the libertarianauthoritarian scalecriticised as an absolute measure doesnt tell u proportion relative to others just tells u how manyAlford index o First relative measure o Difference in proportions proportion of the working class voting Labour minus the proportion of the middle class voting Labour o Criticised for not accounting for the ratio of proportions eg difference between 5 and 10 is same as difference between 55 and 50 o Subjective measures of social class are crude objective class measuresIf u ask ppl what class they identify with there is a middle class bias o Simple two category measure of party choiceMore complex measures of relative class voting o Logit models odds ratios and fitted probabilitiesDetailed occupationbased measures of social class neoWeberian neoMarxist
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