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SOC101Y1 (985)

White collar crimes

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University of Toronto St. George
Candace K.

Sociology Lecture February 8, 2011 Hershew said people who commit white collar crimes have low self- control White collar offenders are good at avoiding prosecution and even if their tried, they are likely to get lenient sentences because they can afford Compliance and deterrence o compliance strategies try to create a market incentive to do the right thing- sanctions and fines for doing the wrong thing; it follows the action o general deterrence: signs such as no trespassing or uping the penalties for drug; trying to prevent you to do something o specific deterrence: punishments that happen to you to make sure you dont do it again; cost effective calculations- the reason you put money in the parking meter in terms of white collar crimes, specific deterrence may work white collar offences only account for about 6% of all arrests- stats; whether they are more difficult to detect, police departments or prosecutors may put less resources into those crimes, less of a priority. 88% arrested for white collar crimes were prosecuted and 74% were convicted in criminal court. Only 18% receive a prison term of more than a year in white collar crimes, stings and swindles is getting jipped; getting money through a scam Social control agents as deviants Gary Marx- eminates from labeling theory- he notes social control creates the problem its designed to eliminate o Labeling theory if you label someone something, they will eventually become that o Examines three situations where social control can be contributing to rule breaking: escalation, non-enforcement and covert facilitation Escalation: the enforcement of the law is escalating more illegal behavior. Ex. A car chase Non-enforcement: breaking the rules either because you dont think you wont be sanctioned or you know you wont
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