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Robert Brym

SOC 101 Lecture 3 - Social interaction-> involves communication among people acting and reacting to one another, either face to face or via a computer. - Status- recognized social position. The higher the status of a person, the more laughs they get (found through a sociological experiment to see what kind of people get more laughs) - Three building blocks that structure all social interaction o Status- recognized social position. People occupy a status. o Role- a set of expected behaviours. People perform a role. o Norm- a generally accepted way of doing things. - Feminists- among the first sociologists to note the flaw in the view that emotional responses are typically involuntary. Feminists argue:  Emotions don’t just happen to us; they can be controlled.  Eg- you run when a bear attacks you. You temper your fear with hope. o How we get emotional External Physiological Cultural script Modified stimulus ( Eg. A response and (you have emotional bear attacks) initial emotion learned that response (still (your pulse rate lying still and afraid, you act rises, you feel playing dead according to afraid) will increase the cultural your chances of script, which survival) gives you hope) o When people manage their emotions, they usually follow certain cultural scripts that they have learned or heard before. If they don’t succeed, they feel guilty or disappointed (or dead). o Emotion management- involves people obeying feeling rules and responding appropriately to the situations in which they find themselves.  People have conventional expectations about how they should feel at a funeral. If they don’t feel sad, they feel guilty. o Norms and rules govern our emotional life o Emotion labour- what people do as part of their job and/or are paid for. Not to be confused with emotional management, which people do anyway.  Eg- a teacher having to deal with unruly children, a sales clerk having to deal with a rude customer. People carefully manage their emotions while trying to keep their clients or whoever happy. o Economy turns emotional labour into a commodity - Conflict theories for social interaction o Conversations are basically about gaining attention. Derber analyzed this. o North Americans usually try to turn the conversation toward themselves. o Conflict theory- social interaction involves competition over resources - Variants of conflict theories for social interaction o Exchange theory- Social interaction involves trade in attention and other valued resources o Rational choice theory- focuses less on the resources exchanged than on the way interaction people weigh the benefits and costs of interaction. Interacting people try to maximize benefits and minimize costs. - Power and social interaction o When people interact, their statuses are often arranged in a hierarchy – acc to conflict theorists  People on top enjoy more power; they can carry out their own will despite resistance Domination Competition Cooperation Level of High Medium Low inequality Characteristic Fear Envy Trust emotion Efficiency Low Medium High - Domination- represents one extreme type of social interaction. Subordinates live in fear. Eg- gaolers vs inmates. - Cooperation- other extreme. Power is more or less eq
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