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SOC102H1 (261)
Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Notes.docx

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Lorne Tepperman

Lecture 3 Gender Relations Text Social Problems Chapter 4Sense of Sociability Chapter 3 SexUniversal biological distinction and social differentiation between males and femalesSocieties vary in the degree to which they make sex differences seem largesmall importantunimportantWaves of feminist movement o Pressing for gender equality and related social concerns o Ann Oakleys The Sociology of Housework drew attention to domestic inequality and its relation to gender inequality o Largescale entry of women into higher education throughout the West o Embracing racial and class diversity accommodating differences in nationality and cultural background compared to domestication and higher educationprimarily whiteDEFINING SEXISM AND GENDER INEQUALITY Sexism Discrimination and derogatory attitudes and beliefs that promote stereotyping of people because of their gender Sexism and gender stereotyping are two problems for both men and women and are most often experienced in institutions and social relationshipsGender Inequality The differential success of men and women in gaining access to valued rewards This tends to stem from structural arrangements interpersonal discrimination and cultural beliefsSex and GenderSex A biological concept that differentiates female and male Most people are mainly male or mainly female from the moment of conception with biological differences between the sexes that are anatomic genetic and hormonalWe can consider unusual cases by viewing male and female as a continuum of sexual variation rather than discrete biological categoriesThese biological differences have few unavoidable effects on social life o Though there is no biologically based psychological differences eg Maternal Instinct men and women hold different reproductive functionsGender A social division rederring to the social and psychosocial attributes by which humans are categorized as male or female Biology is deemed somewhat irrelevant to understanding social distinctions between males and females Gender encompasses the shared understandings of how women and men girls and boys should look and act It is a label that subsumes a large assortment of traits beliefs values and mannerisms and defines how we should practice social interactions
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