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Topic 8: Religion. Religion.

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Adam Green

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Topic 8Religion Week 8 lectureNS Chp 13SIQ Chp 7 Sociologists approaches of religionThe question of whether god exists is not answerable from a sociological perspective and is not at the interest of sociologistsInstead sociologists deal withCause and effects of religious affiliationUnder what circumstances does religion serves as acts of social stability Under what circumstances does religion serves as forces of social changehow does religions differ across people time and spaceOrigins of religions Why are people religious Who are more religious than others How are we becoming less religious William Jamess quote see slides Karl Marxs quote Opium of the PeopleThe quote underscores Marxs position in religion and economyArgues the anesthetic affects of religion people particularly the poor are drawn to religion like opium to escape their painful economic positionReligion leads people to be passive submissive inactive towards unjust social conditionsPeople will not be motivated to change to current situationDivine ControlDivine Control God has determine its influence on the good and bad sides of peoples lives anindividuals life lies according to Gods will and Gods planIn Western culture God intervenes in peoples most trivial daily life it influences political decisions especially in the US eg Joe Biden on the eve of his US Presidential election starts his speech by god willingdifferent mental representations given human and gender attributes master father friend mother savior healeretc Divine controls have roots in all religions Some people feel intimate bonds with God feel God as a conscious being who is omnipotent and knows everything God has explicit expectation for everyone much like parents SESSocioeconomic StatusSocioeconomic Status SES of an individualYearly Income of the individualHighest level of education heshe attainedIndication of ones class
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