Guest speaker - brian carwana (second half of lecture) Karl marx (1843: religion is a common human response to the fact that we all stand at the edge of an abyss. It helps us cope with the terrifying fact that we must die. It offers us immortality, the promise of better times to come, and the security of benevolent spirits who look over us. The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is required for their real happiness. Schieman, pudrovska, and milkie 2005: the belief that there exists a superhuman, supernatural intelligence who deliberately designed and created the universe and everything in it . Orthodox christians believe that god has a special connection with every individual: intimate bond with a divine power. Divine control thesis that god will intervene in our everyday lives. Ses: socioeconomic status, and usually includes one"s yearly income and the amount of education they attained.