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Lecture

Sept. 28 - Lecture Note - Crime and Deviance

3 Pages
57 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC103H1
Professor
Greene

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Sept. 28 Crime and Deviance
There is no crime that is criminal in ALL contexts
Male initiation rites
1.Shoved bamboo up noses
2.Swallowed semen of older males
3.-- these types of things are rites for some, but when looked at from our perspective, it
seems criminal
1992 - Nova Scotia - mine disaster, 26 miners dead, many things/people blamed -- is
that not murder?
40% more deaths due to industrial accidents than due to homicides
Definitions I
4.Deviance: involves breaking a norm and eliciting a negative reaction from others
5. Informal punishment: is mild and may involve raised eyebrows, gossip, ostracism or
--
6.Stigmatization: When people are stigmatized, they are negatively evaluated because
of a perceptible sign that distinguishes them from others.
7.Formal punishment: results from people breaking laws, which are norms stipulated
and enforced by government bodies
8.Definitions II
9.Social diversions: are minor acts of deviance such as participating in fads
10.Social deviations: are more serious acts. A large proportion of people agree
they are deviant and somewhat harmful, and they are usually subject to institutional
sanction
11.The state defines conflict crimes as illegal but the definition is controversial
in the wider society
12.Definitions III
13.Power: is the probability that one actor within a social relationship will be in
a position to carry out his or her own will despite resistance
14.White-collar crime: refers to illegal acts committed by a person of
respectability and high social status in the course of his or her occupation
15.Street crimes: include arson, burglary, robbery, assault, and other illegal acts.
They are committed disproportionately by people from lower classes.
According to sociologists: White colour crimes more costly, and the criminals are barely
ever caught or prosecuted compared to street crimes
WHY?
16.white colour crimes done in private
17.but also because they have money and can use the media to their advantage
18.can influence law-makers to change or modify laws
19.They are crimes of the powerful and the well to do
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Description
Sept. 28 Crime and Deviance There is no crime that is criminal in ALL contexts Male initiation rites 1. Shoved bamboo up noses 2. Swallowed semen of older males 3. -- these types of things are rites for some, but when looked at from our perspective, it seems criminal 1992 - Nova Scotia - mine disaster, 26 miners dead, many thingspeople blamed -- is that not murder? 40% more deaths due to industrial accidents than due to homicides Definitions I 4. Deviance: involves breaking a norm and eliciting a negative reaction from others 5. Informal punishment: is mild and may involve raised eyebrows, gossip, ostracism or -- 6. Stigmatization: When people are stigmatized, they are negatively evaluated because of a perceptible sign that distinguishes them from others. 7. Formal punishment: results from people breaking laws, which are norms stipulated and enforced by government bodies 8. Definitions II 9. Social diversions: are minor acts of deviance such as participating in fads 10. Social deviations: are more serious acts. A large proportion of people agree they are deviant and somewh
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