Sept. 28 – Crime and Deviance
There is no crime that is criminal in ALL contexts
Male initiation rites
1.Shoved bamboo up noses
2.Swallowed semen of older males
3.-- these types of things are rites for some, but when looked at from our perspective, it
1992 - Nova Scotia - mine disaster, 26 miners dead, many things/people blamed -- is
that not murder?
40% more deaths due to industrial accidents than due to homicides
4.Deviance: involves breaking a norm and eliciting a negative reaction from others
5. Informal punishment: is mild and may involve raised eyebrows, gossip, ostracism or
6.Stigmatization: When people are stigmatized, they are negatively evaluated because
of a perceptible sign that distinguishes them from others.
7.Formal punishment: results from people breaking laws, which are norms stipulated
and enforced by government bodies
9.Social diversions: are minor acts of deviance such as participating in fads
10.Social deviations: are more serious acts. A large proportion of people agree
they are deviant and somewhat harmful, and they are usually subject to institutional
11.The state defines conflict crimes as illegal but the definition is controversial
in the wider society
13.Power: is the probability that one actor within a social relationship will be in
a position to carry out his or her own will despite resistance
14.White-collar crime: refers to illegal acts committed by a person of
respectability and high social status in the course of his or her occupation
15.Street crimes: include arson, burglary, robbery, assault, and other illegal acts.
They are committed disproportionately by people from lower classes.
According to sociologists: White colour crimes more costly, and the criminals are barely
ever caught or prosecuted compared to street crimes
16.white colour crimes done in private
17.but also because they have money and can use the media to their advantage
18.can influence law-makers to change or modify laws
19.They are crimes of the powerful and the well to do