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Lecture 5

Soc201 lecture 5 oct15.docx

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Soc201 lecture 5 Oct15 Test starts as 6:10, arrival oat 6. True and False, and MC Max Weber (1864-1920) “Science as a Vocation” (1918) 1. Objective conditions of academic activity  Question of academic activity in general  Free markets of professors competing with students, don’t eat  Qualities that are intrinsic to the activities itself  Work that lasts for generations  2. Scientific work lacks permanency 3. Past justifications for science  Scientific work are bound to be out dated,  Justification for science  Life is outside of life  Science way to true God  Life is the way to arts, outdated approach, makes sense to renaissance period  Religious justification for science  Science is the way to true happiness?  Weber says that a few today, believes that sciences brings happiness 4. Presuppositions of science:  Rules of logic and method are valid o Assumptions to the holes in university  Some things are worth knowing 5. What does science offer?  Practical applications o Weber says with science, we can have and achieve and find a more efficient way of finding how to control things o Offers a way of thinking  Training in thinking  Clarity o Being able to ask ourselves and the ends to justify the means o With clarity coming from responsibility, = tough choice  Responsibility o Giving us the ability to take on responsibility o Proportional system o We need to take on responsibility 6. The absence of a community of values  Ancient Greece  Hierarchy, some gods are above us, some are unreliable, some are vulnerable  Weber believes in certain ways that society is turning into  More small parts  Historical context  Creating a opening for people that are not so accessible to them  Reading: in Tocqueville, discussion is explicit, he mentions the idea of atomization George Simmel (1858-1918) 1. Modernity  Sense consciousness of modernity  Transitions  Attempt to come to industrial revolution (Marx), democratization  Gesellchaft, gemenschaft  Durkheim: organic and mechanic solidarity, how do we understand suicide under these categories  Spread of communications  Faith in progress  Greater choice (dressing, food, manners etc)  Modernity to modernization 2. Identity  Identity is defined is who we’re connected to, which groups we belong to  Finding our sense of social belonging and social connections  To reconnect with the right type of people that you want yourself to be 3. Simmel on modernity and identity in “the web of group affiliations”  Traditional society = dense networks and relationship  Modern society = loose social networks  Simmel: mapping out structural changes  Social networks and the structure of it changes from dense to loose  Implications for identity? o Who you are, are conditioned by your interactions with other people in your social network o You might not be the same person in one context to the next o A part of ourselves changes according to context o Integrity: social networks in a sense fall apart, less integrated in modernity than traditional societies
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