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Brent Berry

SOC205 January 17, 2012 Paper assignment Next week Robert Neuwirth: The “shawdow cities” of the future Todays lecture - Cities used to be foreign outpost for emperilist countries - Agrictulure important for develop of the city and moving from hunter gatherer type society - Using energy to manufacturing and the movement to cities - Things built anywhere for cheap and moved to exort markets - Reg and laws need to change to make possible - The free throw of money - Current issues - Some felt in Toronto to what extent is Toronto a global city - Idea fo creative class Richard martin prosperity inistutue debate about it and what important they are and need to attract them Intro - Most Canadians live in cities - What is a city different ways to define it - What is urban? - Something about population density, threshold somewhat makes it urban - Tall buildings go hand in hand with density need economic base, real estate values go up concentration of activity suggest similar motiviation for it - Other things - Density th - Louis wirth urbansit from early mid 20 century, size density and heterogeneity idea larger more diverse more variable people do variety of thinigs from different places in the world and interests and characterisitics. - Structure aspects fit with dempgraphic views of the city - Movement of people to city migration patterns size and density over time larger and larger change in pop size and in territory expanding boundaries outside - Wirth 3 variable most variable for making people urban - Different then living in 3 vairabler but why think culture – the socioculture pervasiveness urban orientated thinking not just where you live but how you live. From city live lights on all the time in rurual areas – urban using utilities - Urban thinking or being urban expectations we have conviences and other social things how we relate to other people. Cities related to having anonymity less primary more secondary contacts - A lot of people don’t know well and relations with them exchange relations and benefit from heterogeneity - Urbanization not just outcome but catalyst producing consequence are cities causes or outcomes - Cities important for change. Bc bringing people together centers fo thought and culture not just positive but negative as well - A lot of variation each city is unique each city own history and relationship with natural world - Other more settle central location to other locations no supposed natural beauty - Can be built in desert like vegas bc technology allowed humans move goods and necessities build oasis in desert - Decupling between cities and hinterland - What has done made cities more varied and each city is unique - Halifax once important city bc connection with western Europe but overtime the relative time of Canadian cities has changes from Montreal to Toronto - Natural resources important for economy - Increase relevance of western Canadian cities and prairie - Big places often more urban, but cities make you feel different its how you feel - Experiential aspect of living in cities - Different cities experience the differently - Surveys who are written for small demo - What does homeless person care - How does long term dweller vs newbie - New place things you notice and person who lives there see something’s different - Took for granted take walk free to do Toronto relatively safe city but women more caution ass with it - One individual may like it messy like spadina all signs. Perspective of other people different ways of looking at city contested space, good lens to look at city life different interests something enjoyable sometimes not - Interests sociologists for a longtime - Bias in cities and judgments people make ant urban bias now crime laden other periods created lots of problem in cities and effort to make them more beautiful and fell into disrepair. Cities omnivores of all times. Creative class like a lot of things and cities offer the venue for that why visit world when can see it in hometown - The two g’s – from community everyone knew one another interconnectedness and relied on each other, Swedish film my life as a dog moved from city to small community and interesting experience, and opp not translate well but society closest word know people compete and know each other fragmentally - Problem of close net community - George simmel – psych impact created competiton overstimulation and looked at negative consequences of urbanization much early studies looked at negative - German linked emergence of city to new forms of capitalism and indisialization and look at how people were changing and consequence of that families center of production before family based and factories lots of stress on that from family move to cites and make living on wages – german basic changes - 20 century more common na more rapid urbanization chic and ny manufac and indust lots of immigration Chicago school is important – more ecological and micro – gereman more macro – chic more ecologically and micro - Chicago more at behaviors of ind and groups that stem from env and area – inspred by ecology and biology survival for scarces resources how groups copmpeted and copertaed and what behavious came from competition - Concentered zone theory – particular people mapped in circles around center encircling other where different activities happen - Both point to fact city life is experience differently and org of city has important social consequences - Urban soc as a field make sense of complexity of cities and understand patterns that appear to be chaotic and mechanism of organization - Many natural systems seem chaotic but watch there are rules that underlie it - Traffic in shaghai chaotic but follow certain rules - Built envi building things the externalization – cities what we make of it and internalization cities shape us - Externalzition built env and reshape us internalize what means to be urbanized - Constant tenstion between both and tension feedback is called dialectet - Constant conflict negotioation that happens in cities different types of people - And how human action is constraint 6 - Canada - Stats - 80 percent of Canada seen as urban top left - Breakdown by size of cities almost 50 cities fo 500,000 - Cities are very different - Provinces less urban then others - Most urban are bc and Ontario at 85 and Alberta then quebec - Most prosperous more urban - Pei more rural Pie - 46 percetn lving in 500, 000 or more - 20 percent are rural - 100 years or more much larger workforce enages in agriciutlure and rural The city In history - Early cities - Key points - Early cities all had dom authority figures characteristics that are necessary - Autocratic gov relied on deities almost god li
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