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SOC205H1 (32)
Lecture

SOC205 January 31.docxs205 jan 31

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC205H1
Professor
Brent Berry
Semester
Winter

Description
SOC205 January 31, 2013 Todays class - Finish last week - Examples in Toronto - Areas reagent park and disterlly district priorities of the city and forces that undergo redevelopment over time - Structure of the city – the power of maps much more accessible to large group of people - Some of things that can be done with maps - Fits in with human ecology perspective - Theoretical conceptions - 5 perspectives or approaches and not all mutually excclsuisve not crystal clear in making distinction - Cant thrive without hinterland - Largely rural society Canada is country with lot of things going around not just in cities - Differences of rural and urban change over time have they worked well what are conflicts - Short distance society to arena society Finish chapter 15 from last wekk Jennifer harriosn from Hamilton does residential neighborhoods Chapter 15 Toronto form of the city - Four areas that are case studies unique areas tell us major trends and developments in cities - Long process from mervcanile to industrial to post industrial and today cultural production and infleucens it has with elites cultureal amenities accessible to everyone catered to partucluar market or demo greater means the disterlly district - High costs for galleries - Holy trinity church – juxtaposition of past with present - Church interesting in Toronto - Makes cities interesting the juxtaposition of uses - City change over time the uses of trinity changed as well - Reagent park Trini and park - Regent park important community earliest and largest pup housing created good intentions most part property owners making money – design better housing for poorest reseidence - Close to valuable property and high activity zones of Toronto walking of yonge street and other cutlrul instituins has proximity and high value in many people lives - Optimism in mid 2oth century modernitst solve social problems through good urban planning and providing adqueate housing many ideas were ill informed not social dynamics of communities and concentrated disadvantage - Life chance low income city dwellers if have better housing - Materal physical perspective - All things ass with hosuing discrimation isolation remained – conc disadvatge - Community design probnlematiic – policing worked to be isolating a superblock - Hard to patrol for territorial funcitioning – ability of residence to have control over community Mosth thriving communities culturally and socially is mixed use zoning – residential retail commercial as well as industrial and office - Mixed use today - Strrcitly utilitarian waws park – efficiency in design no hallmarks distincticve to cultural that live there not much of input of people who lived there feel like own community top down common in this period - Clear slums and generate development aqnd make money good intentions also ill informed - Redevelopment of design of community bringing in condo developemt high levels of ownership and trying to address that – breaking up super block by bring in roads - Controlling of police and community policing - Conenctioin to stret is very important – urban places pop close to street far from street not well used and mixed use residential commercial and all things imprive – displacement of many people in community and design people have been consulted – more good then bad in his opinion - Live in residence long time told to leave not replacing all places not equal to the ones they had Jamestown - 15k people in 16 high rise towers - High desnity in all Canada community was once - Many towers built for middle class couples one child - Overtime comm. Change from utopian swingers paradise young people upper mobile to ethnic receiving area low income and many different cultural mosaic of Toronto - Not publicy owned - - privately owned towaers built for private - James town common spaces not integrated – tried to improve common spaces – disjointed not provide for cohesive for common space of people and other areas of mainrenance and other issues facing housing providers - Fires in one building 3 years social housing – community building getting old like other public housing require lot of investment - One things difference use of community and look at balconies tell how use space – hanging laundry and doing activites not originally invisioned for – families multifeneration with children and grandparent designed for smaller families – amount of space used to countries camefrom not original intended design of the space – part of challenge – solid waste disposle – things not meet peoples needs - North of wellesely south of bloor east of parliamne tand east of sherbourne - People invest resources next door to community stigamatized over the years – drug murders in Jamestown - People not resistant to these things people invest in condoes near those communites - Jamestown close to cabbage town south and east of their – highest income areas of all dt toornto - Cabage town street festivel in early autumn and yard sale for entire commiuunity mingle - Sept or October Next - Was most densly don’t know if still have title from 2000 - All demographics Change - Pressure for change people own see highest value for selling or use value tension of people who own proptety and occupy space have tension - How negotiate the change - Concept of negotiaition not everyone has same level of power - Fair negotiation among different parties major themes if postmodern characteirsis - New building that look like older forms – for certain demos that’s what people want to buy – tradiaitonal urban form - Maiantian old urban forms with original uses - Toronto railway is still railway terminal - Detroit had union sttaon dt rail station – recentlt torn down disrepair - Another is adaptive reusaubale strucuture like disterlly and loft building industrial manufactual building - Another form recent develpemtn tqken is new urbanism – surban areas low density and more desnity then other surbabn areas developed few decaded built to look like high desnity areas – closer to streets and porches orientated to stret – bring back devellopement predates autocentric - Nerw comm. Surbaban fit this model – fit in more units and people like them all walks of like them – walkable community – leave car behind and go to coffee shop and like this reality but still need car – mix of both accesbility to cars and highweays and also local amenites that are walkable and home geared to social interaction proximity to street orientated to from - Frank Lloyd wright – focues on privte realm on back of home - New urbanism – more empasss to community and front facing - Common type of design – step in right direction Other new dvelopemnts - Not necesalry new urbanism – bring in instution industrial – interdependcy in new communites Strcuuter of the city - Chapter 3 and human ecology - Lay of the land - And order that is reflected in lines and circles and uses of space - Effieceny of layout go to particular use - People wi/o highschool - See how doing as a city different parts are doing - Particular problems high school deiploma and household pop – some people without diploma and reflects immigrants and lower participants rates among various population like other metrics health see inequality from where we live - More and more inequality - Stats cana – distinguishing top 1 and 99 by tax filing - Some trends over 30 years porportiion of income has gone up for 1 percent and down from 2008 10 percent of income - Maps geographic approach to display that information - Spatial beings live in territories and proximities important not all live in one cities - May share Toronto but lots of social worlds and quality of lives - Maybe success of partidlualr group may have spill over but lots of varitation - 140 cenus tracts all way up to steeles – census tract not necessarily neighborhood created by admin Road and public transit - How invest scarce resources to transport options - Roads etc - Activity maintain infrastructure or building new – vast network of roads not always grids reflect topography Toronto lots of refines – rivers not with water - Toornto built significant rivers and natural harbor protection - Many cases covered by urban dvelopemnt Several maps - Examine together to fuller understand urban form - Park spaceper capita upper left - Some more access in green space – how count green space and quality of parks varies - Walking to parks – upper right – rep walk time – powerful computer tecnoligy to o that – variation in walking - Proximity related to health – bmi which is problematic - And smokers - Possibility fo geographic inforoamtion or geo codes with health - Health behaviours aand demo variables – link them - Tech revoltuioszed maps - Create custom maps use of free software Readings Objectives - What is distinctive of urban life - Perspectives understanding city - 5 theoritixal approaches for interpreting this life - Heircarchy and tensions – perspective greater understanding - Not one perspective overrides but different explanations overlapping - One is more productive then others - World is complex - Each perspective leads to fuller understanding - Chic school – referecen point to discuss devleopemts in urban social theory - Explore varity of methods - Differ theo perspective lens to understand world need observation to measure things to create understanding variety of methods important - Best studies bring much data types together - Macro to micro interactional level – how constcut meaning together 3 main - Book cultural vs strucutal and spatial vs assc - And relaist and contructionist - Divisions not mutually exclusive - Major themes in interpreting the urban world - Culturalists vs strcutualist – - Cutlrualsut – experiential aspects of cities how does it feel we all respond to city differently also commonalites how we feel and react to urban centers – makes us feel a way and organize personal lives – live in these boundaries and create cultural based on this - Strcuter – more external – social life reflecting ecternal soruces – the wider pattern of differences in power and wealth in soceoty broght on by globalization – constant back and forth from strcutral looking iron cage limited by things in the world emancipaory - Spatial vs ass - Spatial – reflected best in human ecology perspective look at localized social world created by competition among different groups creation of mosaic across city distinct moral code and casted from wider metropolis live teritoial communites human ecological perspectgive how live in territoriual and very neighborhood based - 60s to 70 more ass due to social networek perspective – people ties for one another more then proxomial – downgraded territoruiall neighboordhood factors and non spatial features of community – technology breaking down barriers telephone and cars more accesbile to highway to car to then internet and social media more richer and richer connection beyond physical proximity - Draw from community that is territorial but also connections more braoder group of people may be close or much more distant - Realist vs constructionist - Realist similar strucutralis - Realist – releated to ecological and economical facotro – ecological is proximity - Constrcutuinsit – power to indi agency to create social world - Agency of power – one way is through language local cultural – like hip hop part of language and music anc cultural form reflected circumstances in community and power from what you create in spite of ecom and ecological bad conditions – playing off each other - Realist – look at phys and social spaces determined by eco and economical perspective little control – low income rent and powerful proptery owners releocate noisy highway or things not control over not a lot of buy in in the political economy of society - Life details related to wealth class and power - - working poor long hours - Soc contr – people power to ascribe meaning – sites of resitance have meaning and varies by group – ongoing renegotiation and see city as text something we read and mutloiple authors with different power who want to ascribe their meainign – long term struggle to ge
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