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Lecture 8

SOC212 Lecture 8.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC212H1
Professor
Candace Kruttschnitt
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC212 Lecture 8 10/31/2012 12:06:00 PM Exam 80 Questions, 2 hours Make flash cards  Sutherland-differential association, merton- strain theory (major prepositions and criticisms); Think about interrupters (documentary) what does it say about social disorganization (ie. Learning theory, differential association) + the interrupters Connection to Durkheim: -Importance of social reactions to Deviance (Durkheim)  Reaction important to create group boundaries (this is acceptable and this isn’t) -Social Reactions broken down into two questions: 1. What is defined as deviant 2. Who is defined as deviant nd Labelling perspective focuses on 2 question. Processes involved in labellign someone as deviant is what we’re going to focus on primarily today. Symbolic Interactionism 3 Premises: 1.People act toward humans and other things, obejects, according to the meaning they have to them (ie. Sit on chair because that’s what it’s for, not a table) 2.Interactions  meanings (determine meanings) 3.Modification Process (individuals in turn modify meanings by different situations) ie. Chairs are for sitting, but kids go sit on the island (in kitchen). Over time,you modify that meaning -Ex. Meaning changes from offender’s pov and how it changes over time the have with other individuals ni that situation -Ie. In a drugstore, 3 guys come in wanting gum and cigarettes, lady behind counter thought they were going to rob her (and they did, fight, take money) -There is always an action that is defined by the situation -Less deterministic in terms of cause and effect, Labeling Theory: -Far more concerned with the effect of environment on the individual than vice versa. (environment as in criminal justice system; so impact of police and courts have on individuals) They believe that criminals and delinquets are relatively normal people and that serious offenders merge out of what happened when people come out of process) -Suggested that crime and deviance isn’t an inherent propert of individual, but something that is confirmed by audience reaction, by those who have the power to legislate for any crime you didn’t settle -Becker social groups create deviance buy making the rules and by appling rules to particular people and labeling them as outsiders. From this POV, deviance is not the quality of the act the person commits. But, rather a consequence of the of others of rules and sanctions to an offender So the deviant is one to who the people label as deviant. Frank Tannenbaum (wrote book Crime and Community) (1938) -He argued that the final steps in the making of a serious delinquent not when a child breaks the law, but when he becames meshed into the juvenile system. From kids pov this is fun stuff, big problem when they don’t go to school. Community has a different reaction (start to harden). So this boy who was jjust a misichevious kid becames a delinquent. Labelling reall has a n effect ont eh child (lasting impression) start to adopt the other view of that. Tannenbaum called this the Dramatiziation of evil  self fulfilling prothecy -It becames a way of stimulating, suggesting, emphasizing, and evoking the person to become who they are described as being -But when the community starts to react, and strt to label them as delinquent, that affects childs first image. -didn’t take into account that a lot of of delinquency goes undetected Edwin Lemert (1951) -Recognized that a lot of delinquency goes undetected and distinguished it as primary deviance 1. Primary Deviance --- Deviance that goes unrecognized  There’s a lot of crimes that goes out there, but does it matter? It doesn’t matter u
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