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Lecture 3

Grusky Week 3 Social Inequality Reading.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC220H1
Professor
Josh Curtis
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 3 ­ Grusky, David B Reading Study Notes Aggregate – a whole formed by combining separate elements Disaggregate – separate something into its component parts Abstract • stratification is taking on postmodern form, ie. lifestyles are of individual taste not class • Empirical analyses are currently carried out on aggregate levels, if analysis was to be taken down  to disaggregate level of detailed occupations­ effects of class would become evident and would cast doubt  on the postmodernist stance Class Identification  • Occupations have become the main social identities for workers­ class is a “passive identity” • Disaggregate occupational classes are institutionalized (employers advertise jobs in occupational  designations, vocational schools train for occupationally defined skills, etc…) Mapping the Class Structure • The authors prefer realist approach of mapping classes according to institutionalized, local  boundaries and not through exploiter/exploited class analysis, they will use this mapping of classes as the  natural starting point of research • Modern day realist categories are functional positions in the division of labour because they are  institutional classes and classes must be mapped at this disaggregate level  • Following 3 questions must be asked about local structuration 1) How much local structuration is there? Only some occupations are class­like and pursue closure  strategies + are salient  2) Is class­like structuration found mainly in a few select regions of the occupational structure?  Craft and  professional occupations are perhaps the only organized ones 3) How might detailed occupational schemes be revised? Aggregation of occupations should take into  account which occupations are truly social classes Descriptive Analysis  • Since many middle­class occupations have pursued successful closure strategies, disaggregation  may
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