SOC314H1 Lecture Notes - Inductive Reasoning, Sparknotes, Deductive Reasoning

35 views4 pages
15 Apr 2012

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Hume Sparknotes
Overall Summary:
- Distinguishes between impressions and ideas
o All knowledge comes from impressions, and so ideas are secondary to
Everything in our mind is based ultimately upon simple
- Impressions
o Sensory impressions, emotions, other vivid mental phenomena
o Vivid and clearly defined
o Objections: there is some level of vagueness in our impressions that Hume
doesn’t acknowledge
Often have trouble distinguishing tastes
Difficult to tell the difference between 56” stick and 57” stick
- Ideas
o Thoughts or beliefs or memories related to impressions
o Less lively and vivid
- We build up ideas from simple impressions by means of three laws of
o Resemblance
o Contiguity (contact or proximity)
o Cause and effect
The thought of a wound makes us think of the pain that follows
from it)
- Distinguishes between relations of ideas and matter of fact
- Relations of ideas
o Mathematical truths
o Denial of them would result in a contradiction
- Matters of fact
o More common truths we learn from experience
o Denying a matter of fact is not contradictory
o For the most part we understand matters of fact according to cause and
Direct impression leads to inference about some unobserved cause
- Hume says we can’t justify these casual inferences
- We cannot justify future predictions from past experience without some
principle that dictates that the future will always resemble the past
- We have no rational justification for believing in cause and effect
- Hume says habit, not reason, enforces a perception of necessary connection
between events
o When we see two things constantly conjoined our imagination infers a
necessary connection between them even if there’s no rational grounds for
doing so
- Our inferences regarding matters of fact are based on probably
o How many times two events conjoined is experienced
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class