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Lecture 5

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University of Toronto St. George

Gender and Mental Health Lecture 5 SOCIOLOGY Women experience greater internalizing disorders Depression Distress Anxiety Social Phobia Men experience more externalizing disorders Substacnce abuse, anger,etc this is on average Narrowing Gender Gap Men and Women have similar levels of mental illness but different symptoms For years, it was thought that women have more mental health problems Why were they finding this, the research only focused on particular outcomes, they kept looking at depression Another reason was that findings were defined by the questions being asked Changing Explanations Conflict Perspectives Women viewed as a disadvantaged group, because they were disadvantaged they had higher rates of mental health problems Exposure vs Vulnerability Differential Exposure, men and women exposed to different types of stressors, women exposed more to stressors that do with family life, men to work stressors different affect There are problems with these perspectives Rosenfield and Smith- they offer a different explanation Power Responsibilities and Dimensions of Self Power Historical Context Agricultural Societies- men and women produced goods at home, equally valued women had central productive responsibilties Industrial Revolution: workplace became divided from the home Men and women roles became distinct Consequence of Public-Private lines productive work of public sphere became associated with men and masculinity socioemotional work and domestic work became associated with the private sector and women and femininity Financial, Captial became a primary source used in exchange of goods and materials Mens access to and accruement of capital provides them with greater resources. While women have limited access to similar resources and instead invest time and energy into transferable care giving efforts Womens work became less valuable then mens paid work Family expectations- womens domestic responsibilities women often perform the majority of household chores mens economic particiaption justifies these inequalities Monotonous and undervalued In relationships where women is making more money, the guy is doing more work, but he is better recognized for it Can provide supportive relationships which can be positive and negative- emotion labour when you have to deal with other peoples problems and you have to deal with other stuff, this leads to internalized disorders. Overload. (Mediator) Mens economic expectation- because of their economic expectation they have fewer domestic expectations if they are helping out- they often do less laborious stuff they combine the childcare with leisure activities More rewarding activities in the workplace, men employed in more creative work, prestige, non alienating work Consequences of the provider role they are more affected by work related stress, their work roles are lead to more externalizing disorders
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