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Lectura 6 - 131028.doc

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Ramiro Armas- Austria

Lectura 6 – 131028 Antigona furiosa (1988), Griselda Gambaro (Arg. 1928) Contexto biográfico - Se inicio en el genero del cuento: Madrigal en la ciudad, 1963; El desatino, 1965 - Novelas: Ganarse la muerte, 1976; Dios no nos quiere, 1979 (censuradas por el régimen del general Jorge Rafael Videla); Lo impenetrable, 1984 o Videla fue un dictador de Argentina (nació el mismo año que Gambaro y es su némesis) - Auto-exiliada en Barcelona (1977-1980) o Lengua catalán - Dramaturgia: Las paredes, 1964; El desatino, 1965; El campo, 1968; Los siamese, 1970… Contexto: Guerra sucia - “Disappearances, however, were even more commoner in the early years of the 1976-82 military regime in Argentina. There the campaign against leftist dissidents, or those remotely suspected of such dissidence, is recalled as the “Dirty War” because of its viciousness. Weak control of investigators may have been some part of the reason for what can only be called the evil of this campaign. The government itself was split among the three branches of the Argentine military, and divided authority persisted downward through the state structure, so that police and other groups looking for dissidents could act very much as they pleased” (Bakewell 536) - Evento en Argentina por dictatura de Videla - Proyecto organizado - Lo que dispara la campana es por algo paranoica - Durante este periodo, también a los EEUU, se buscaban a los rojos, que eran amenaza contra liberalismo capitalista o Cazeria de brujas Contexto: Madres de mayo - “The use of torture, however, was clearly part of the policy of the military leadership. Among the most potent adversaries of the Argenitine military regime were the mothers of those who had disappeared – the famous mothers who quietly but relentlessly paraded in protest in front of the presidential palace in Buenos Aires. They put the regime in a quandary. Their presence was an embarrassment, but they could hardly be forcibly removed because motherhood was central among the Christian virtues that the generals declared themselves to be defending” (Bakewell 536) - Reacción social: terror porque que el arma que usaron el régimen fue efectiva (desaparición de personas) - No las atacaron porque no estaban armadas – lo único que tenían eran las fotos de sus hijos - Las madres se manifiestan y protestan con las fotos de sus hijos/hijas - Mas tarde surgen las abuelas de mayo, preguntando donde están sus nietos - Iban contra la junta-militar – protección de las familias o Las madres como fundación de las familias – por eso tampoco pudieron atacarlas Teatro del absurdo - Intertexto es lo que se comunica con otros textos - Martin Esslin (Budapest 1918-GB 2002), Theatre of the Absurd (1961): Beckett, Ionesco, Genet, Pinter o Teatro de absurdo es concepto que viene del crítico Martin Es
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