SMC175- Semester Notes

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St. Michael's College Courses
Jennifer Harris

SMC175- Introduction to Medieval Studies W EEK O NE Contact Info Jennifer Harris o JHB 306 o Tuesdays 3-5 o [email protected] Christopher Miller o [email protected] Location Lectures- T10-12 Muzoo Family Alumni Hall Room 400 Tutorials- T12 Muzoo Family Alumni Hall Room 206 Textbooks A Short History of the Middle Ages [Barbara H Rosenwein] Reading the Middle Ages [Barbara H Rosenwein] o Bob Miller Bookroom 180 Bloor St W, Suite 801 Assignments th Critical Summary, due October 4 (10%) o Re-write, due October 18th Lecture Reports, best 2 out of 3 [November 1 ] (10%) Research Hypothesis, due November 1 (10%) th Research Proposal, due December 6 (25%) Tutorial Participation (15%) Final Exam (30%) EXAM Part 1: Passage Identification (worth 30 marks; 6 for each answer) o Choose five of the following passages (from the reader, ONLY ASSIGNED PASSAGES FROM NOV 22 and BEFORE). Identify the passage, its author (where known), and historical context. Write a short answer for each passage discussing the meaning of the passage, its importance in its context, and other relevant information about the passage Part 2: Essay (Worth 50 marks) o Compose an essay of one of the following general topics [5-6 topics to choose from]. You must formulate a reasonable and specific thesis about the topic, and make an argument to support your thesis. Define the terms you intend to argue. Be sure to include specific reference to course readings, the course textbook, and events discussed in class Part 3: Map Quiz (worth 20 marks; 2 marks for each location) o On the map below, locate and indicate, with the corresponding letter, the cities listed o [Same map as the one used in class] o Note: Only 10 cities given, must indicate the location of all given [Study the maps from the course textbook/cities talked about within the lectures] Exam is worth 30% of your final grade and is 3 hours long o PEN ONLY, Double Spaced Research Proposal 100 word description as to how the annotation works with your thesis [How is it helpful?] Not just bulletpoints Clear, flows Heading o Description of point/Evidence Dont rely on informality The degree that allowed Christianity in the Roman Empire. What is the Edict of Milan? From 1096-1099, this armed pilgrimage involved hundreds of Europeans traveling to the Holy land. What is the first crusade? On Christmas day of this year, Charlemagne was crowned Emperor in Rome. What is 800 CE? In 1066, these former Vikings invaded England. Who are the Normans? Between 1346 and 1353, one-third of the European population was killed by this. What is the Bubonic Plague (or Black Death)? This city became the centre of the Roman Empire in the fourth century. What is Constantinople? The former name of Constantinople. What is Byzantium? W EEK T WO Emperors and Heretics o The Roman Empire Romanitas, Christianitas, Germanitas 27 BCE- 476 CE (to 1453 CE in East) At its peak (in 117 CE), extended over 6.5 million square km Included over 43 modern countries Julius Caesar was the first dictator of Rome. 27 BCE was when the first Emperor of Rome, Octavius Augustus, was crowned. Judaea was one of the most significant provinces in the Roman Empire. Governed by Emperor and Senate Protected by 28 Legions and the Praetorian Guard Population estimates (at peak) range from 56-100 million Slave population was usually ca. 25%. The Slave population was important to the economy of Rome. Diocletian Born in Dalmatia in 244 [Modern Croatia] Emperor, 284 to 286 Co-Emperor, 286 to 305 Emperor during the Crisis of the 3 rd century when there were many Emperors who ruled for srdrt amounts of time. Crisis of the 3 Century Hyper inflation Disrupted internal trade Bubonic Plague Civil wars External invasions Established tetrarchy and divided the Roman Empire Best remembered for initiating the last bout of anti-Christian persecution in 303-305 Decrees uniformity in religion for stability in the Empire Christian population of the Empire at this time was 6 million. [About 10% of the total] Culture of Ancient Rome Using the categories described by Aron Gurevich; Religion/cult o Cult of Mithras o Judaism o Pantheon o Strands of Christianity Considered a species of Judaism or Atheism o Stoicisms Cosmology [View of the Universe] o Spherical Notion Centre of the universe is the Earth and around it revolved the moon, around the moon revolved the sun and around the sun revolved the planets. o Domain of Spirits o Anthropology Ancient Israelite religion saw the human body as soul and spirit o Time/space Christian time is linear Law/governance Constantine The Great Born 272 in Moesia [Modern Serbia] Co-Emperor, 306 to 312 Emperor, 312 to 337 Marched on Italy with an army of 40,000 troops. Battle of Milvian Bridge October 28, 312 CE. Constantine dreamed on the eve of the battle to place the cross of the Christians on his soldiers shields. Constantine beat Maxentius. Reduced the Tetrarchy to two then to one Emperor. Why did Rome fall? [BAD Idea for Research Topic] Best known theories Christianity o Peacefulness of Christianity caused Romans to not care about things politically, militarily because their minds were in heaven Lead poisoning
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