SMC219Y1 - Lecture Notes #11.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

St. Michael's College Courses
Steve Hoselton

SMC219Y1 – LECTURE NOTES Karl Marx Chapter One November 6, 2013 Marxism: • Looked for the basis of society; analyzed labour • Labour was the foundation of human civilization • Noticed that we trade labour to obtain other things • Selling labour is basic to all human commerce and interaction • The industrial revolution changed this; things became mechanized and centralized • Goods become cheaper to produce and more available • Even the poor had an enormous amount of goods • As people were hired to work centrality, there became a decline in wages and cottage industry because the wages were controlled by the bourgeoisie and the capitalists • Soon became difficult to buy necessities Cottage Industry: • Cottage cheese became the cheese you could make at own; from curdled milk; easy to make • But because of the revolution, it was much easier to make it in mass quantities The Negatives of the Industrial Revolution: • Lower wages • If you're not involved in the production of goods, you are alienated, alienated from your own labour; lose your own identity, alienated from society • Dissociation from the hands-on production of the goods • Become more and more removed from the thing you are producing, because the machines are doing most of the labour • Workers become separated from their ideas, desires and identities when working in the factories; working in factories takes on a mental illness • Reduced to become the proletariat The Capitalists • Owned major factories • The bourgeoisie owned smaller ones • Eventually, the capitalists buy out the bourgeoisie, then the majority will become proletariats • The only way they can keep control is to keep control of their ideas • False consciousness o feeding the proletariats and the bourgeoisie false ideas o making them think they want or need to do something o To create this • Use religion • A tool to keep the workers quiet; hard work will lead you to heaven (called the opiate of the masses, a drug to keep them quiet) • Commodity fetishism • Something that you're attracted to with reasons beyond understanding • Irrational attachment to goods • The capitalists manufacture the goods • Therefore they make the workers want the goods, feel that they need them • Example: the car • Makes us consume more than we need to by: (this is applicable to all goods) • Planned Obsolescence • Makes us want something new • New versions of something • Number • Having more than one product within a household • Luxury • Perceived; the idea that some brands are worth more than others because of their status • People would get the more expensive good thinking that it's superior in its reputation • People want others to know that they own something prestigious • Value of a good can be based on flawed ideas; just because it's more expensive, doesn't
More Less

Related notes for SMC219Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.