VIC101H1 Lecture Notes - Eduardo Paolozzi, Encaustic Painting, Abstract Expressionism

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
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October 22, 2012
Pop Art
- 1955 Lawrence Allway first used the term “pop art”
- Part of independents movement
- Pop art = reaction to Abstract Expressionism (American movement)- anti-realist, action
painting (psyche rather than outside world)
- Reaction to age of technology, pop culture, beginning of postmodern
- Pop culture = product of Industrial Revolution and following technological revolution; fashion,
democratic realism, everyday
- British, but product of American culture/mass media: sex, automobiles, food
- Urban and contemporary
- Eduardo Paolozzi - Scottish, influenced by Surrealism
- 1952 - was founding member of Independent Group in England
- Bunk 1947 - newspaper clippings => development of pop art
- A single exhibition will launch a movement - This Is Tomorrow
- Richard Hamilton also part of Independent Group - studied fine art and advertising => many
artists who became canonical artists in Pop Art were trained in advertising
- Independent Group met regularly & discussed how technology affects contemporary art
(Dadaists thought strongly about technology)
-Just What is it That Makes Today’s Homes So Different. So Appealing? - first
piece of pop art - was at entrance to exhibit
- Jackson Pollack painting commoditized in background
- Pop Art - preexisting images from advertising, photos etc.; emphasis of flatness
- No distinction between good and bad; mass-produced and no “high” and “low” art
- British & American Pop Art developed independently from one another
- Not so much travel post-WWII in Britain - struggling economy
- Obsession with things American post-war in Britain => desire for machoism, brand-name
products & clothes
- Glorifying and sending up about Americanism
- Not saying things were good or bad, they’re just there
- Illusion and image making
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- When you reproduce something that’s printed, you get dots (think comic books)
-$he - desirability and commodification of female body
- Hamilton - screen print as method for artistic representation
-My Marilyn - the artist didn’t do anything to it but arrange it => only arranged photos,
overprinted etc. and used Marilyn Monroe’s X’s
- Pop Art = positive Dada => creative rather than destructive
- P.227 of textbook - Duchamp quote; Duchamp is nervous of Pop Art - doesn’t think they’re
serious and based on same intentions as he had when making “ready-mades”
- Pop Art = absence of commitment to subject, performance-type events => look gimmicky; not
politicized like Dadaism
- Dada = opposition to bourgeois culture; anti-art
- Post-WWII = lots of wealth, mass-produced consumerism => pro-bourgeois
- British attraction to Americanism and reflection on that attraction
- Pop Art = positive response to new wealth, prosperity
- Not anarchistic, not rejection of world => embraced world of mass media, consumer culture
- Questioned line between art and consumerism
- Ambivalence = attraction to and repulsion of something; mixed-feelings
- Pop = archaeology of mass-produced myths = investigation of popular design, the machine
- Fashion - critical to consumer economy; democratization: everyone has the right to consume
mass-produced goods
- Pop Culture = economic process; goes out of style quicker than it wears out; novelty & impact
- Jasper Johns - influence of painterly abstraction like Hamilton
- Encaustic = painting with melted wax & pigment => translucent surface
- Densely textured => like Abstract Expressionism
- Pure emotive abstraction => banal pop art
- Shift to the object
- Mass-production
- Aesthetics of ordinary objects = not thought of because we’re used to just the familiarity, utility
- Worked in display advertising
- Assemblage = 3D collage; gluing and welding (definition of FADIS)
- Sculpture = not primarily done in Abstract Expressionism
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Document Summary

1955 lawrence allway first used the term pop art . Pop art = reaction to abstract expressionism (american movement)- anti-realist, action painting (psyche rather than outside world) Reaction to age of technology, pop culture, beginning of postmodern. Pop culture = product of industrial revolution and following technological revolution; fashion, democratic realism, everyday. British, but product of american culture/mass media: sex, automobiles, food. Eduardo paolozzi - scottish, influenced by surrealism. 1952 - was founding member of independent group in england. Bunk 1947 - newspaper clippings => development of pop art. A single exhibition will launch a movement - this is tomorrow. Richard hamilton also part of independent group - studied fine art and advertising => many artists who became canonical artists in pop art were trained in advertising. Independent group met regularly & discussed how technology affects contemporary art (dadaists thought strongly about technology) Just what is it that makes today"s homes so different.

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