Lecture #8.doc

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Victoria College Courses
Lisa Steele

November 5, 2012 Conceptual and Performance Art - Dada and Happenings in PopArt - Idea/Information Art - Documents, narrative art, performance art - Duchamp: proto-Conceptual artist => shaped movement; was concerned with ideas behind art - Art could exist beyond painting and sculpture - Thought and idea > form and aesthetics - Art as philosophy, math, social criticism, life-risking, storytelling - Rauschenberg - erased de Kooning’s drawing - Who can be considered to have made work? Erased work of predecessor - Every new artist/movement rebels against elders - New movements seek to erase earlier - Older master = usually revered; Rauschenberg did the opposite - Erased de Kooning Drawing is a work of art in its erased state - Piero Manzoni - canned and labeled his own excrement; created work by body - Contradicts our concept of art and beauty - Manzoni signed people => signed documents that this was authentic art - Manzoni extends Readymade to people - Yves Klein - Leap into the Void - proto-conceptualist; first performance artwork - Montaged 2 photos together; originally had students ready to catch him; 2 photos taken at same time, one with him, one without and photomontaged - Printed his photo on top of Dimanche newspaper => it becomes its own work - Made his own patented colour = artistic created - Anthropometries - performance art; paints with bodies; attractive women as paintbrushes; subjects to his will - Yves Klein also wrote music for events - Black tie event - Painted in IKB paint (his own patented colour) - Klein didn’t touch models; wore white gloves and suit - Painted with “living brushes” under his constant direction - Distance, detached from art: not expression of emotions - Actions, working with materials in certain ways - Mid-1960s = start of Conceptualism - Words vs. Body/Performance art - Post-war optimism faded; MLK Jr, Kennedy assassination, Vietnam war; questioning status quo and questioning accepted meaning - Berkley, CA- rights to free speech - Joseph Kosuth One and Three Chairs - traced to Readymades; photograph of chair and dictionary definition seem to validate the chair; all 3 objects are the work of art => concept of chairs; all 3 might be chairs - 1970: “I used common functional objects” - to the left is a photograph; to the right is a photocopy of dictionary definition - Work of art is the idea - This goes on in your mind: what is the chair? Which is the work of art? Which is the chair? - Idea of artwork - formal components aren’t important - Minimalism: materials are important; Conceptualism: ideas > materials - Art lives through influencing other art - Galleries = used to be considered crematoria for art - Conceptual artists developed ways to critique system of art; thought they could foil the system and be outside of it - Conceptual = based on inquiry in nature of art; thinking of implications of art - Understanding of linguistic nature of propositions => art as idea - Art as idea = lowly objects that don’t require skill; idea more than technique - Proposition - art as idea (not painting, sculpture) => form of presentation - Artwork is the idea; materials could be anything (beginning of Conceptual art) - Sol LeWitt = considered himself to be a Conceptual artist - 1967 - defined Conceptual art practices; it must begin with an idea; all of planning are made before; “idea becomes a machine that makes the art”; hand of the artist < brain of artist - LeWitt - abandonment of psychological aspect of art in Minimalism and Conceptualism; de- materialism - Rejection of Minimalism - it’s materially-based; used metal, plexiglass, fluorescent tubes, fire bricks = these materials were very important - Materials weren’t important part of process - Questioning concept of artist as author - No need to make objects - Minimalists used industrial fabrication; Conceptualists used instructions (e.g. LeWitt’s wall drawings) - On Kawara - systems of recording; does painting every day: covers canvas with solid colour and paints on that day’s date - Works are accompanies by boxes with newspaper of the day: whatever city he’s in he takes the front page and covers the box with it - Historical fact of life => historical existence is content of the work - I Got Up series - Telegrams, postcards with cancelled postage - “I am still alive” notice - Indexes for passage of time, time and space - Sends telegrams saying he’s still alive - Influenced by existential philosophy, existential notion of freedom (man is condemned to be free: Sartre, Samuel Beckett - it was so much easier when the king, Church told us what to do every day => no decision making needed) - Consciousness must choose for itself => make itself - Hanne Darboven - documenta - international group show - Knew Minimalists, Sol LeWitt - Reflects conversations with American friends - Small, handmade marks - Linear constructions of lines and numbers on graph paper - El Lissitzky,Art and Pangeometry - Only uses numbers - way of describing without words - Numbers = only real discovery of mankind - Not mathematic - Pangeometry = non-Euclidean/non-mainstream geometry - Lissitzky - non-traditional geometry; inflected space in real ways in Prouns etc. - Math = Euclidean geometry - Numerical writing - indexes which mark time - Handwritten - often reflected Gregorian calendar - Obsessive mark-making - Compulsive repetition - automatism but identifies automatic repetition of eternity; matrix of drawing itself, visual model - Matrices - drawing is grids and marks, lines - Infinity of possibilities = heart of art; infinity of quantities - Hans Haacke Shapolsky et al Manhattan - questionable transactions of Shapolsky’s real estate business; slumlords: bought cheap properties and kept them standing rather than fix them up and collected rent, got rich - Haacke exposes this - Data is typed out below photos - Research gain from public records; different properties held under different names (shell properties) - Show cancelled 6 weeks before it was scheduled to start => artist got raw end of deal because museum was afraid to upset rich people - Different than fine art photography; used to index, record => not artistic photos, just front of buildings - MOMA poll - Hans Haacke - vote of support/lack of support of Vietnam war; Rockefeller (NY governor) was on board => confrontational - Social disclosure - freeing from secrecy, making known - Young a
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