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Woodsworth College Courses
William Watson

Lecture 8 10/30/2013 1:07:00 PM  Male imprisonment! Woohoo!  talking about the core concepts developed to think about analyzing male imprisonment experiences  what imprisonment is actually like—experienced by prisoners  trying to capture the actual nature of it  how the sociologies of punishment engage in the abstract, then concrete questions  One of the important core concepts involves the long term psycho. effects of imprisonment—and the notion of institutionalization  called prisonization  what does it mean to say someone has become institu.?  influential book: published in Britain in 1984—called psychological survival  written by British sociologiest—Stan Cohen, Laurie Taylor  they ran a sociology class in max. security prison  started befriending the people, and wanted to know what they (prisonerse) believed was happening to them  efforts at psy. survival  prisoners thought they had withdrawn and become less mentally able as time went one  difficulties going on in max. security wing  had to manage the long term relationships  tended to lose contract with people outside  commented on difficulty of experiencing privacy  contrasts drawn with short term prisoners  would think short term would have more incentive to behave well; but doesn’t work like this  life sentence have more of an incentive to behave well because dealing with the same people  short term more explosive and aggressive  life-sentence are trying no to be like this  they talk about time: time passes very slowly in prison  late 1990’s, there was an oral sociology produced in prisons in Vancouver  psy. survival is a book, analyzing criminals  new book in 1997 was just speaking to life sentence prisoners  in one chapter, talk about a man named Terry o he was a life sentence, lived in psy. ward within the prison system o he talks about boredom, and his methods for psy. surviving the boredom o he is trying to be rebellious, hostile o terry gives opinion of prison system in Canada (has a negative view)  programs useless o talks about public desire for people to have long term punishment o when we listen to Terry’s ideas about either being aggressive, or suicidal (only options) o but does this show he doesn’t care about what his crime was? is he too focused on himself to realize what he has done?  similarities between the 2 books: another key concept the idea of a prison subculture  based on the idea you have to investigate the distinct prison subculture  crucial aspect of male subculture: hyper-masculine subculture  idea that the prison is not a place where you can do your own time  you arrive in a place with a distinct culture you can’t escape  you are absorbed into it  you can’t choose if you are part of it or not  the hyper-masculine is within the staff as well  Why would the staff be hyper-masculine? You have to be tought to withstand the job; it attracts people who are already like this, etc.  some attempts to change this (as in the police force), have more educated correctional officers, more women, etc.  want to shift the subculture!  Reading by Wormith: he administers psycho tests of psycho mental capacity at different stages in long-term prisoners  in fact, there was psycho. improvements in some people  It’s hard to access the size of the prisonization debate  If we assume there is something going on with prisonization, and part is due to hyer-masculine subculture  doesn’t have much to do about L. pluralist perspective  they can’t analyze the effects of the prison, only the effects of how decisions are made  durk. are more due to with public knowing about punishment o might say—given that punishment must involved punishment, its not surprising that the public is not interested in the imprisonment o no surprise that the public doesn’t care either  soc. of inequlity: already concerned that the way you are analyzing punishment is about unfair society that punishes certain people in a certain way o from this point, the negative things that happen in prison are adding to the fundamental unfairness o not surprising that in many ways is a condensation of the oppressions found outside the system o prisons are places of brutal anger and control o if a sociologist of inequality, then they are going to want to view it within prisons too o ideas that there is unfairness how people end up in prison  same idea for femininist (more on next week lecture)  in the US, there has been an increase on the imprisonment of certain races, esp. blacks o same in Canada, but esp. first nations in prison  Foucault: strong interest in prisoners rights and resistance o remember that he wanted us to (27:00) o stimulate that resistance by stirring us up by disciplinary power o he wants us to see that experience of prisonsers are out experiences of life and for us to resist this o he was concerned with prisoner resistance o fighting back against the regime in a more desperiate end of rebellion o the negative hostile approach to authority made a vital reaction—the nearest thing to freedom  humans beings have a natural want to resist these things o he constructed a theory saying that (29:00) o psy. survival is a struggle for what we become in modernity  The question: doe we really find terry that much of a hero? he is angry about the prison, do we think of that as a psychological problem? does he stand out against the power of the system?  from foucult: terry is a positive picture!  when we asked the question about people being incarcerated against their will, the concrete ideas are similar to that of last weeks lecture  prison racism: idea of prison as a racist system  two most discussed groups in Canada: blacks and natives  in the 1990’s, commission of inquiry held in the criminal justice system  Rodney King: was in police chance, police had caught him, he was high. he was beaten with batons  police argued there was no intent to harm them; just doing their job  officers were initially acquitted  riots with 74 people killed  here, there was the young street riot  major inquiry into Canadian criminal justice system  study of racism in the Canadian correctional system  identified two kinds of racism: hostile racist attitudes on part of staff; and sestemeic racism (rules that have direct or indirect racism of the institution)  there is also the idea of unconscious racism  talked about the fact prisoners would also do this among them selves  in many areas, prison ranges were segregated  also stereotypes—negitive judgments about minorities (black males treated as more loud and violent; any males that weren’t like this were thought to be faking it)  staff also expressed extent for different religious traditions  discrimination of religion part of sestemic racism  one question: who can count as a religious chaplain? etc.  The business of racial and ethical se
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