WDW101Y1 Lecture Notes - Enquire, Strange Ways, Roger Caron

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Lecture 8 10/30/2013 1:07:00 PM
Male imprisonment! Woohoo!
talking about the core concepts developed to think about analyzing male
imprisonment experiences
what imprisonment is actually likeexperienced by prisoners
trying to capture the actual nature of it
how the sociologies of punishment engage in the abstract, then concrete
One of the important core concepts involves the long term psycho. effects
of imprisonmentand the notion of institutionalization
called prisonization
what does it mean to say someone has become institu.?
influential book: published in Britain in 1984called psychological
written by British sociologiestStan Cohen, Laurie Taylor
they ran a sociology class in max. security prison
started befriending the people, and wanted to know what they
(prisonerse) believed was happening to them
efforts at psy. survival
prisoners thought they had withdrawn and become less mentally
able as time went one
difficulties going on in max. security wing
had to manage the long term relationships
tended to lose contract with people outside
commented on difficulty of experiencing privacy
contrasts drawn with short term prisoners
would think short term would have more incentive to behave well;
but doesn’t work like this
life sentence have more of an incentive to behave well because
dealing with the same people
short term more explosive and aggressive
life-sentence are trying no to be like this
they talk about time: time passes very slowly in prison
late 1990’s, there was an oral sociology produced in prisons in Vancouver
psy. survival is a book, analyzing criminals
new book in 1997 was just speaking to life sentence prisoners
in one chapter, talk about a man named Terry
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o he was a life sentence, lived in psy. ward within the prison
o he talks about boredom, and his methods for psy. surviving
the boredom
o he is trying to be rebellious, hostile
o terry gives opinion of prison system in Canada (has a
negative view)
programs useless
o talks about public desire for people to have long term
o when we listen to Terry’s ideas about either being aggressive,
or suicidal (only options)
o but does this show he doesn’t care about what his crime was?
is he too focused on himself to realize what he has done?
similarities between the 2 books: another key concept the idea of a
prison subculture
based on the idea you have to investigate the distinct prison
crucial aspect of male subculture: hyper-masculine subculture
idea that the prison is not a place where you can do your own time
you arrive in a place with a distinct culture you can’t escape
you are absorbed into it
you can’t choose if you are part of it or not
the hyper-masculine is within the staff as well
Why would the staff be hyper-masculine? You have to be tought to
withstand the job; it attracts people who are already like this, etc.
some attempts to change this (as in the police force), have more
educated correctional officers, more women, etc.
want to shift the subculture!
Reading by Wormith: he administers psycho tests of psycho mental
capacity at different stages in long-term prisoners
in fact, there was psycho. improvements in some people
It’s hard to access the size of the prisonization debate
If we assume there is something going on with prisonization, and part is
due to hyer-masculine subculture
doesn’t have much to do about L. pluralist perspective
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they can’t analyze the effects of the prison, only the effects of how
decisions are made
durk. are more due to with public knowing about punishment
o might saygiven that punishment must involved punishment,
its not surprising that the public is not interested in the
o no surprise that the public doesn’t care either
soc. of inequlity: already concerned that the way you are analyzing
punishment is about unfair society that punishes certain people in a
certain way
o from this point, the negative things that happen in prison are
adding to the fundamental unfairness
o not surprising that in many ways is a condensation of the
oppressions found outside the system
o prisons are places of brutal anger and control
o if a sociologist of inequality, then they are going to want to
view it within prisons too
o ideas that there is unfairness how people end up in prison
same idea for femininist (more on next week lecture)
in the US, there has been an increase on the imprisonment of
certain races, esp. blacks
o same in Canada, but esp. first nations in prison
Foucault: strong interest in prisoners rights and resistance
o remember that he wanted us to (27:00)
o stimulate that resistance by stirring us up by disciplinary
o he wants us to see that experience of prisonsers are out
experiences of life and for us to resist this
o he was concerned with prisoner resistance
o fighting back against the regime in a more desperiate end of
o the negative hostile approach to authority made a vital
reactionthe nearest thing to freedom
humans beings have a natural want to resist these
o he constructed a theory saying that (29:00)
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