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Lecture 12

45-211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Glass Ceiling, Shining Light, Social Capital


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2110
Professor
Cheryl Collier
Lecture
12

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Lecture 12 & 13
Formal Politics
Class Outline
Benefits and drawbacks of informal politics
Why movements use both
Formal Politics
oNumbers
oWhy should we care?
oQuality of Representative
oQuality of Representation
oJustice and Fairness
oA first look at barriers
Formal Politics – Benefits and Drawbacks
Benefits Drawbacks
Linking social capital abilities to political
capital – broadens what is seen as
‘political’; includes ‘the personal’
Women’s gains of suffrage and citizenship
in first wave have not translated into
significant access nearly 100 years later
More women involved, the greater their
access to power and influence and
ultimately political success
Glass ceiling as far as representation in
official politics – progress stalled
Women should represent women –
mirror/descriptive representation
Women don’t necessarily represent women
just because they are women
Some relationship between numbers of
women in positions of power and policy
results for women – substantive
representation
Parties haven’t responded well to women
lately – attempts at increasing numbers are
half hearted
Pressure from women onto political parties
better ensures parties respond to women’s
issues/demands
Informal Politics – Benefits and Drawbacks
Benefits Drawbacks
Un-official politics has been successful for
women in the past – first-wave suffrage for
example
Women’s social capital is often not seen as
‘political’; whereas men’s social capital is
Put issue of ‘personal’ being political onto
public agendas; shining light on social
capital role
Women’s ‘success’ in un-official politics
doesn’t always open doors to official
politics – no ‘magic bullet’
Social capital allows for consciousness-
raising and can serve as training ground for
official politics later on
Women’s unpaid, volunteer work supports
men’s political and public roles in society
but is not ‘seen’ as productive
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