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Classics Lecture #18

3 Pages

Classical Studies
Course Code
Classical Studies 1000
David Lamari

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March 4th, 2013 Augustus, Agustan Art, Augustan Poetry Augustus • Founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor • Ruled until his death • Born into an old and wealth family he was adopted by his great uncle Julius Ceasar following Casear’s assassination • With Mark Anthony and Marcus Lepidus he formed the second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Casear • They divided the Roman Republic and ruled as military dictators Lepidus was driven into exile and stripped of his position • • Antony committed suicide following his defeat at the Battle of Actium against Augustus RestorationoftheRepublic • Restored the outward facade of the free Republic • This means that government power vested in the Senats, magistrates and legislative assemblies • In reality he retained his autocratic power as a military leader He held a few important titles as tribune and censor, as well as supreme • military command • He rejected monarchical titles and called himself Princeps Civitatis • This meant the “first citizen” • This constitutional framework known as the Principate was the first phase of the Roman Empire Imperium • There were continuous wars or imperial expansion Overall t he Mediterranean remained at peace for more than 2 centuries • • Drastically enlarged the Empire, annexing Egypt, Dalmatia, Africa, Hispania, etc. ForthePeople • Reforemed the Roman system of taxation • Developed networks of roads with an offical courier system • Established a standing army • Created official police, fire fighting services and rebuilt much of the city during his reign • Established the praetorian guard, meaning a force of bodyguards used by Roman Emperors Religion • Took up the position of the pontifex maximum, the high priest and most important position in the Roman religion • He became a religious icon • Deified • His cult of believers continued until Christianity became a state religion FortheEquestrians,FortheMilitary,FortheSenate,AgustusFailures,Tiberius,AugustanArtan
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