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Conquest of Italy.docx

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 1000
David Lamari

Conquest of Italy Cassian Treaty • The Roman general Cassius offered the other Latin cities a truce with several conditions o The Latin cities should band together and attack outsiders o Rome gets to decide military strategy one year, then the other Latin cities the other o Rome gets to lead one year, then the other Latin cities the other o Rome gets half of all spoils taken In war, the other cities the other half o All cities have free trade, marriage and immigration Creation of a professional army: 405 • If you’re drafted to fight, you’ll get paid • Eventually, soldiers want to acquire some of the loot from the conquered cities • Allows soldiers to be away for many months and years (extended military campaigns) Gauls sack Rome: 387 • The Gauls sack Rome, and then took this as a symbol of the prowess • The Gauls didn’t look to occupy Rome; they just entered Rome and took loot • The Geese woke the Romans up during the attack and as a result, they honored the Geese for generations How did Rome hold on to her Empire? • When Rome conquered a city, Rome brokered special deals • Rome would act as their patron, they would defend the territory, but the conquered people would also have to respect the Romans • Full Rome Citizenship o Citizens of Rome (complete rights and protection under the law) o Cities with full citizenship (although the people didn’t live in Rome, the people had full Roman citizenship) o Roman colonists sent to protect borderlands had full citizenship o Cities with civil rights but no vote o Freed slaves automatically became full citizens • Latins and “Allies” o Did not have to pay property tax, but had to supply troops o Also had free trade, marriage and immigration • Italians (and “provincials”) o No civil rights o Had to pay tribute o Had to supply troops o The majority of the people in the empire • Gave full citizenship to people who are loyal to Rome Carthage: Phoenician colonist • The lands in Italy is very fertile and can support a large population • The Phoenicians were not very war-like and built an empire almost entirely on trade • The first trade treaty that Rome entered into was with Carthage o Rome granted to Carthage access to the Roman coastal regions (gave Carthage a complete monopoly) • Phoenician colonies were there to dominate the seawaves and control trade access • Carthage was in a great position (good defensive position, excellent harbor, etc.) • Carthage hired mercenaries to form a professional army 1 Punic War • The Romans ca
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