Class Notes (809,497)
Canada (493,753)

Greek Art & Architecture

7 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 1000
Shauna Burke

Greek Art &Architecture • beauty of human body • Kritios boy: 3’10 • after year 480: not much b/c burnt, Persian War Delphi Charioteer: 477, 5’11- shipwreck off coast of Italy, vow made to Gods (votive offering), made of bronze (very valued) - clothed athlete, holding reins, ivory eyeballs, onyx/black stone pupils, headband holding hair - face=expressionless/passive; lends certain aura to time period - lost=4 horses, part of original statue - cheap/imitation=marble - representation from original mold Riace Warriors: 455, huge leap w/ representation of human body - teeth=ivory, rest of statue=bronze - individuality of 2 bodies - weight shift, hair, full beard - Warrior B: 6’6- bronze w/ copper & silver - Warrior A: 6’9 Discobolos (460): - innovation (uncommon for Greeks)- used to reproduction - still 2D (not projecting from behind/in front; on x/y axis) - theory: b/c Greeks saw statues attached to buildings=most normal positions Artemisium Statue: (470-440) 6’10 - believed to be Zeus The Doryphoros (440): 6’11 - very famous, reproduced - means ‘spear carrier’ - Contrapposto: balanced, fluid motion of limbs - influenced Michelangelo’s David Diamoumenos: (430) 6’5 - means “ribbon tier”- symbol of winning athletic competition - marble statue- tendency to fall over & break; bronze=more support - women: garments depicted more gracefully, attempt to show body underneath (allowed as long as body is draped w/ clothes) Goddesses, Partheneon (440): • Nike (420): - carved into temple wall (more common statue) - adjusting her sandal Ordinary Greek Women (420): - tombstone: mother & child - mother- past child bearing age, died when older but depicted as younger Ampharete w/ child: (430): - grandmother when died, but depicted as younger Ludovisi Throne (460): - Aphrodite (goddess of love) - getting out of bath - typical Greek clothing (completely covered w/ in public) Greek Architecture: - floor plan, black dots=pillars, line=solid wall - cella (naos): main chamber- where statue of god/altar is kept, offer sacrifice - pronanos: region in front, porch to temple - colonnade (peristyle): series of columns, around outside of building to prop up roof, along front/back & interior - temples=long & narrow - Post & Lintel: support roof; heavier Doric vs Ionic: - shape of grooves on columns - Doric: Sparta in Peloponnese - Ionic: Ionia, next to Persia; more artistic - sensitive to appearance of temples - capital: top of column; Ionic- curly, can tell diff. b/w Doric - metope/triglyph: repeating series of 3 bars, then little metope - frieze: Ionic 1 long structure; ex. Georgian building Temple of Aphaia:Aegina (500-480) - Doric: capital, series of bars w/ images • Pediments: triangle- forms where roof meets lintel - make use of space - center: Goddess & on sides=figures looking inward & outward - shows battle scene - facial: archaic smile/calm expression=noble, even when dying Pericles- Acropolis: - high center - Polis of Athens: decorated Acropolis in high fashion - Pericles: told Athenians to use funds from constructing ships (Delian League) to construct city - show to rest of world - time period: 20+ years - Parthenon (447-438): temple to virgin goddess,Athena; Greek gods vs outsiders - Propylaia (437-432): before gates - Erecthethion (435-406): to king of Athens - Athena Nike (425): dedicated to Athena & Nike (goddess of victory) - influence on Western art (ex. Muslim buildings, Eiffel Tower) • Metopes Pediments: - Athena (gave olive trees) vs Poseidon (bribed w’horses) - other side: birth of Athena- from splitting of Zeus’head - w/ horses of sea, reclining figures, wet drapery, use of triangular space - depiction of motion: gradually turn to central action; ‘flip book’ - West Pediment - East Pediment - Interior: frieze (Ionic temple)- combines Doric w/ rest of Greek world; depicts- procession/parade; people on horses, animals for sacrificing, goddesses, heroes, citizens Statue of Athena: the defender (defended city) - made of solid gold/ivory - carrying shield - snake at bottom- Erectheus- first king ofAthens - snake didn’t have negative connotation; symbol of health, good luck • Erechtheion: Ionic- has room on side=porch • Porch: women holding up; polis just defeated, ex.America wins.Amer
More Less

Related notes for Classical Studies 1000

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.