Wrath" is the main theme: achilles withdraws from the war and stays in his tent for most of the book because he is upset that agamemnon took briseis, his war prize. It works with the assumption that we are part of a guilt culture with a difference in how honors and values are sustained in a society: guilt culture: these things are internalized (ex. If you think you are a good person, that it is enough and you believe you really are): shame culture: these things are externalized and what everyone else thinks of you is important (ex. If everyone says you are a good person, you are good and if everyone says you are bad then you are bad). In early greek culture, there is a movement away from shame (that is seen in. Grave markers are placed so that the deceased is always remembered: in mythology, the dead man goes to the underworld and drinks from the.