Classical Studies 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Minos, Paleolithic, Knossos

23 views5 pages
SEPTEMBER 15 2015 GREEK CIVILIZATION LECTURE
The Ages of Greek History:
3000 - 1100 BC: Bronze Age
1100 - 750 BC: Iron/Dark Age
750 - 480 BC: Archaic Age
480 - 323 BC: The Classical Age
323 - 31 BC: The Hellenistic Age
primary source: anything from the ancient world ie. pottery, clothing, tools, jewelry
secondary source: modern day work done to interpret and analyze primary sources
ie. books, articles, essays
WE ARE STARTING WITH THE BRONZE AGE:
"Prehistoric" Greece 40,000-1200 BC
THE STONE AGE
Paleolithic Era (500,000-10,000 BC)
Mesolithic Era (10,000-7000 BC)
Neolithic Era (7000-3000 BC)
Agricultural Revolution
BRONZE AGE (3000-1200 BC) ***************** not a part of the Stone Age
hunter/gatherers in the Stone Age vs farmers in the Bronze Age
The most important thing that you can learn about a society is through the tools that
they were using. The tools that a society has defines who it is. The material world
defines the society.
CRETE AND THE MINOANS (3650-1100 BC)
On Crete, New Evidence of Very Ancient Mariners
mainlanders came to Crete very early from Europe (during the Paleolithic Era
The Greek Myth of Crete: Minos, Knossos, Thalassocracy
influenced the people on mainland Greece
King Minos dominated the sea around him through the sea from Knossos
The minotaur is said to have been his bastard stepson (wife slept with a bull)
The myth of the Minotaur and the Labyrinth
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
SEPTEMBER 15 2015 GREEK CIVILIZATION LECTURE
Myth is from sometime in the Bronze Age
Typical Greek Settlement
Advantages of the Bronze Age were permanent dwellings; probably thatch huts
Palace of Knossos, the Minoans
Three stories talls and a big as three football fields (3.2 acres)
Sir Arthur Evans named them the Minoans (not what they would have been
actually called; he named them after the myth of King Minos)
“agglutinative” the building looks like it was glued together
The building is like a maze which could have led to the myth of the Labyrinth
Palace Culture
Everything was made for the palace; everything revolved around the palace
The government controlled the culture
Centralized government
Promotes civilization
Mercantile
Sophisticated agriculture
Bull and double axe seem to be a very important part of their cultre
"Minoan" Crete, 3650-1100 BC
“relative chronology
Crete connects with Near East circa 1800 (Middle East)
Circa 1700 palaces damaged and Crete unified (newly build palaces had little
defensives against one another)
Circa 1450, most Minoan palaces burned
Not much else can be figured out as their language cannot be translated
Minoan Vulnerability
Were probably taking advantage of people
Would trade things and sell them at a huge mark up
Were vulnerable if they would have not been able to maintain this trade network
The Minoan Mystery: Linear A Non-Indo-European
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class