Classical Studies 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Doubletake, Tiberius Gemellus, Germanicus

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MARCH 1 2016 LECTURE
AUGUSTUS
Power Over all Things
60 000 legions
o300 000 men
There were no Roman soldiers who were not a part of his army
Power versus Legitimacy
oHe had to transform his power into legitimacy
It is one thing to gain an empire but it is another thing to run an empire
Had to turn Rome into a stable empire
oAn ethical requirement to the empire
Julius Caesar had no legitimacy
He had no respect for Roman law or
authority
Set up stones all over the empire detailing his achievement
oShows the power that he had
He is not the first to have power over all things
Sulla, Julius Caesar, Pompey came close
oHe is no different from these two men
All of them tried to fix Rome
Absorbed Egypt as a part of his empire
He had more of an impact on Roman history and western society than his uncle did
Restoration of the Republic: 31-27 BC
He comes back to Rome after the Egyptian defeat and claims that the republic is
restored
oCaesar and Sulla did the same thing
He retired half of his soldiers
THE AUGUSTAN SETTLEMENTS 27-23 BC
oHe made a series of agreements and comprises
He began to relinquish his powers
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MARCH 1 2016 LECTURE
“I excelled everyone in influence (auctoritas), but I had no more
power (imperium) than any other”
oHe had complete power but he gave it up
oMost Romans accepted this claim and it was accepted until
the 20th century
He was able to place an essential role due to his
influence and popularity
If someone in Rome was successful, there
was a proverb known to be “luckier than
Augustus”
oHe was seen to have been a
blessed man
He ran for consul
Every time he ran he was elected with near unanimous votes
He said he was not going to run for consul again and the Roman
people refused to elect anyone else
oThe people insisted that he had to be one of the consuls
He refused and other people had to be elected
He asked to be a tribune for the rest of his life
This was seen as unusual but it was accepted
He said that he wanted to have a province for the next ten years
He gave up something that was unconstitutional (dictator) for a
constitutional position
He took the provinces in the dark yellow
oThese places required the most military
They became the imperial provinces
The provinces of the Emperor
oThe common people would refer to
him as this
In Latin it means commander
oEventually only he was called this
This is why it is known as the
imperial period
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