Gladiators part 1
Origins of Gladiators
paradox -> they love gladiatorial games, but they die.
They also use gladiatorial games as motivation to have more courage.
A Christian had a dream the night before she got executed, she was in an arena in a
gladiatorial combat, and she was a man about to enter the pankration contest. She
wanted to be killed publicly with glory.
Munera – roman term for gladiatorial combat. Even if its original meaning is
Origins of Gladiatorial Combat
- Campanians, with more evidence.
Games were officially held at funerals, the association with death, the human
sacrifices were to honour the dead, often important person. It is not clear why the
gladiators fight to the death.
Games were always held by private people, it is always a private event. A public
(even a king) official would have to do it with their private name.
Reasons for Munera
1) Virtus – arête – excellence – manliness, courageous in battle, a good father.
Romans encouraged one-on-one fighting.
2) Humiliation – forcing enemies to fight in these battles for Roman citizens to
3) Catharsis – purification – confrontation of death, cleanses them of improper
and irrational fear of death.
4) Habituation – To compete in public for prizes
5) **The Emperors – under Augustu