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Lecture 3

Classical Studies 2440A/B Lecture 3: 2440 - Lecture 3

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2440A/B

2440A– September 11, 2014 Lecture 3 Athenian Democracy – the most difficult in Greek history, 404-338 (trends start up) – an oligarchy was in control, 30 “Tyrants” that ranAthens – 5000 attendees in assembly, must be of the hoplite-class – Thucydides thought this was the best,Aristotle too – 4 century, a class system, economically sectioned – order restored in 403. June 411, political killings begin – believed that theAthenian democracy was little more than an “organized mob” – shift from volunteer-based work to greater focus on professional trades (soldier, etc.) Aftermath of the Peloponnesian War – economic shift in Athens – severely disrupted by the war, usual trade activities could not go on – 750-500bc, Greeks had colonized into all around the Mediterranean – originally, raw materials sent home to be processed and redistributed – then, colonial areas do their own processing – a shift from centralization to the periphery – venture capitalism happens in the colonies (e.g. banking) – baby boom after the Peloponnesian war – a huge increase in slavery, from all the wars – many physical jobs are now done by slaves – manual labour looked down upon by free citizens – growing pool of discontented men, become mercenaries and brigands – grew as a root from patriotism, but now from usury – shift to a more cosmopolitan view on the world – Aristotle: “Man is a creature that belongs in a polis” (also Demosthenes) Spartan Supremacy (404-371) – ill equipped, did not have much experience running a large state – spartans considered easily corruptible, wanted some reward for winning the war – Persians demanded that, in return for supporting them in the war, restore Ionia to Persians – ceded, and gave in to these demands – worried about the loss of manpower associated with war – but then decided to invade Ionia again,
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