Weaving is a method of fabric production in which two distinct
sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a
fabric or cloth.
The other methods are knitting, lace making, felting, and
braiding or plaiting.
The longitudinal threads are called the warp and the lateral
threads are the weft or filling. (Weft or woof is an old English
word meaning "that which is woven". The method in which
these threads are inter woven affects the characteristics of the
-a set of parallel cords or wires in a loom used to separate and guide the warp threads and make a path
for the shuttle.
-A heddle is an integral part of a loom. Each thread in the warp passes through a heddle, which
is used to separate the warp threads for the passage of the weft. The typical heddle is made of
cord or wire
-In weaving, the shed is the temporary separation between upper and lower warp yarns through
which the weft is woven.
-A shed is the space between the warps through which the weft passes, and a shedding device
is the means of creating that space.
-This makes a space – known as a shed – to pass the weft through. As it is created by the
structure of the loom, it is known as the natural shed. This uses loom weights
-differences – roman verticle two beamed –
used artificial shed (the warp was wrapped
around the heddle, and pulled back and forth to
make a pattern
DYES: Some of the well known ancient dyes
include madder, a red dye made from the roots
of the Rubia tinctorum, blue indigo from the
leaves of Indigofera tinctoria, yellow from the
stigmas of the saffron plant, and dogwood, an
extract of pulp of the dogwood tree.
Problems with dyes: Unfortunately iron-tannate
dyes are inherently self-destructive and can seriously damage the materials to which they are
applied. Boiling and finding supplies needed. Health issues created by breathing fumes created
by dyes. Difficult to get pure