Classical Studies 2800A/B Lecture Notes - Defoliant, Intervocalic Consonant, Chemise

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Published on 2 Dec 2011
School
Western University
Department
Classical Studies
Course
Classical Studies 2800A/B
Professor
Denominative Verbs
Verbs taken from nouns or adjectives
For example: microwave
close (clohss, cloze); abuse (abyoos, abyuze)
combine vs. combine: defect vs. defect
perfume (perfume vs. perfume)
police vs. police
Denominate Verbs: -ate
to make. to - (cf. ize)
In Latin, add -a, -ate to the end
ex. nomin - "name", nomina- nominat- nominate
ex. assassin: assassina- assassinat - assassinate
ex. Defoliant (5 A. 6)
De-foli-ant: down - leaf - ing - If you don't see a verb and the letter between the
two parts is an A, insert a verb like make. This would become making leaves
come down. Defolia- and defoliate are the same.
de. < L. down
foli- < L. leaf
-a- < L. to make
nt < L. ing
ex. Domin-ant (king-ing?) - insert a verb because there is an A between the noun and
the suffix. This would become acting king.
ex. Undulant - Undu-wave ant - ing. Insert a verb - making waves. Undula- and undulate
are the same.
Avoidance of Hiatus: -n and -d
an apple
an adder < a nadder
empt- (to buy)
preemptive - to buy beforehand example when they don't avoid hiatus
redemption - to buy back, added the d
Latin > French > English: c > ch
What are the typical ways that French distorts Latin and gives it to English?
endings disappear: modus > mode; eventum > event
cant - (song) > chant
canal- (canal) > channel
car- (kind) > char-ity
camisa > chemise (~camisole) - these two words are doublets
Latin > French > English
Intervocalic consonant drops
loc- > lieu
foc- (hearth, fireplace) ~ focal > …
alt- > haut, haughty
antocular > antler
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Document Summary

For example: microwave close (clohss, cloze); abuse (abyoos, abyuze) combine vs. combine: defect vs. defect perfume (perfume vs. perfume) police vs. police. Denominate verbs: -ate to make. to - (cf. ize) In latin, add -a, -ate to the end ex. nomin - name, nomina- nominat- nominate ex. assassin: assassina- assassinat - assassinate ex. De-foli-ant: down - leaf - ing - if you don"t see a verb and the letter between the two parts is an a, insert a verb like make. A- < l. to make nt < l. ing ex. Insert a verb because there is an a between the noun and the suffix. Avoidance of hiatus: -n and -d an apple an adder < a nadder empt- (to buy) preemptive - to buy beforehand example when they don"t avoid hiatus redemption - to buy back, added the d. Latin > french > english: c > ch.

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