Class Notes (835,600)
Canada (509,275)
Lecture

Lesson 4 Lecture Notes

3 Pages
124 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classical Studies
Course
Classical Studies 2800A/B
Professor
David Lamari
Semester
Fall

Description
Verbs With Infinitives in -ire and -iri The present participle is formed by adding -iens, -ientis to the stem of the word and dropping -ire and -iri. When Latin began to change to Old French, every present participle were levelled to - ant and -antis. Some English words from Latin present participles are spelled differently than expected. Ex. Domire (sleep): dormant Tenere (to hold): tenant Many verbs that end in -ere or -i make present participles by ending in -ens or -entis. However, many of these form the present participle by -iens or -ientis. Notes Latinity - the quality of being Latin The English and the Franks (French) • English language seems to us inferior to Latin and French. ◦ Franchise (-ise is an alternate spelling of -ize), meaning to make someone French. The modern meaning means a chain of businesses that are all under the same business model. ◦ Enfranchise - to give someone rights ie. the right to vote. This goes back to a time when you had no rights as an English person. Names such as Francine, Francis and Franklin came out of the want to be French. ◦ "Let me be frank with you" - means to be honest, straightforward. ◦ Frankincense - wealthy men came for the East and gave Frankincense. This means French incense - incense that is good enough for the French. French and Latin vs. English • Hearty welcome or a cordial reception - cordial reception sounds better. • Baker, fishermen, shepherd, weaver. Native English words referred to humble or less impressive things, whereas French words are more impressive. • Carpenter, painter, tailor and mason are all jobs that require a lot of skill unlike the English word professions above. • Breakfast, dinner, supper - breakfast is English. Dinner and supper are French and they are the meals in which you are most likely to fine dine. • Town, house, home are all English. • City, mansion and palace - big town, big house and a big home. These are French words. • The cuts we get from animals are French words, however the animals themselves are English. ◦ Cow, beef ◦ Pig, pork ◦ Calf, veal ◦ Deer, venison ◦ Boil, broil, fry, grill, roast, toast English Orthography • Latin is the pure, original form of French. • Parfit, perfect - perfect is the original Latin word. Parfit is the slurring of the original word, and the English language chooses to keep the Latin. • Peinture, picture • Vittles, victuals • iland, island - iland wasn't a French word. English assumed that iland was a misspelling of island. • Sissors, scissors - thought sissors had something to do with the Latin verb to cut "scism" • Antony, Anthony - thought that Antony had something to do with flowers. The correct spellings of these words are iland, sissor and Antony Inkhorn Words I am of this opinion that our own tung shold be written cleane and pure, unmixt and untangled with borrowing of other tunges, wherein if we take not heed by
More Less

Related notes for Classical Studies 2800A/B

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit