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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 - Pre-Hippocratic Medicine.doc

3 Pages

Classical Studies
Course Code
Classical Studies 2900
Beate Gundert

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Homer • Before 500 B.C. • Iatros - healer or to make something whole again that has somehow been interrupt- ed or ruptured • Has learned the practice from teachers and families • Important in war because he makes warriors go back to war • Peace - he is one of the people who has special skill in society that is otherwise self-sustaining • Recognized as an important person but does not belong to aristocracy (highest sta- tus in society, people who own land) • Doesn't speak of specific diseases • In reality people had diseases but we do not know about them from Homer. He spoke instead of only disease through unhealthy lifestyle, which is a myth Passage # 26 • Around 500 B.C. • Leaves his home town and goes to an island close to Athens • Sets up a surgery and becomes a famous surgeon • At this time, surgery was in practice in clinics with surgical instruments. This shows that surgery is an ancient practice. • At this time, physicians were employed by the city-state and received at salary. Physicians would pick the place where they were offered the most money. • Doctors of Southern Sicily had a high reputation because of Democedes • Darius dislocated his ankle. Note we are not dealing with an wound that is inflicted by a weapon. • King of Persia gets the best physicians from all over the world - doctors are interna- tional. Egyptian medicine was highly renowned because Egyptian women knew a lot about pharmika. However, their treatment of the ankle was not great. • The Greek doctors employ better treatment than the Egyptians. • Atossa - showed that doctors can treat growth by treating her tumour • At this time, physicians could treat wounds, dislocations and also growth. Fig. 5a • Staff - physician is going from place to place • On the wall, see instruments that look like capital omega Passage #24 • Greek poet talking about Greek physicians • Types of disease: ◦ Growths that arise from inside the body ◦ War or athletic injuries ◦ Disease inflicted by weather • Type of treatment ◦ Surgery - used to cut out an object or cut out a growth. Could also be used to make incisions in the skin in order to let some blood out. Could also be used in phlebotomy which means to cut a vein and allow blood-letting. This was used to relieve high fever, tension and pain. ◦ Soothing potion - medication that are given internally ◦ Pharmakon - medication (applying medication on the wound). ◦ Incantation - songs of healing. Trace of medicinal magic. In Homer, a wound is bandaged and then incantations are used to stop the blood. The idea here is that words can have direct effect on the body without any physical contact. • Can see here that there isn't a difference between medicinal magic and application of medicine Fig. 5 • Practice of phlebotomy - make an incision in the armpit of a person to let blood flow. • Types of injuries seen here ◦ amputation ◦ bandages to limbs • Instrument the wall that draws out fluid. Hippocratic Collection (pages 18-19) • 450 - 350 B.C. • Collection of 68 treaties. We're not sure if Hippocrates wrote all of these. • Don't know much about the life of Hippocrates but he was famous for much of his lifetime • Taught medicine for a fee • Theory - in treatment you must look at the whole body and how everything is inter- connected. Can not look at and treat just one part of the body. • First started to
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