• Before 500 B.C.
• Iatros - healer or to make something whole again that has somehow been interrupt-
ed or ruptured
• Has learned the practice from teachers and families
• Important in war because he makes warriors go back to war
• Peace - he is one of the people who has special skill in society that is otherwise
• Recognized as an important person but does not belong to aristocracy (highest sta-
tus in society, people who own land)
• Doesn't speak of specific diseases
• In reality people had diseases but we do not know about them from Homer. He
spoke instead of only disease through unhealthy lifestyle, which is a myth
Passage # 26
• Around 500 B.C.
• Leaves his home town and goes to an island close to Athens
• Sets up a surgery and becomes a famous surgeon
• At this time, surgery was in practice in clinics with surgical instruments. This shows
that surgery is an ancient practice.
• At this time, physicians were employed by the city-state and received at salary.
Physicians would pick the place where they were offered the most money.
• Doctors of Southern Sicily had a high reputation because of Democedes
• Darius dislocated his ankle. Note we are not dealing with an wound that is inflicted
by a weapon.
• King of Persia gets the best physicians from all over the world - doctors are interna-
tional. Egyptian medicine was highly renowned because Egyptian women knew a
lot about pharmika. However, their treatment of the ankle was not great.
• The Greek doctors employ better treatment than the Egyptians.
• Atossa - showed that doctors can treat growth by treating her tumour
• At this time, physicians could treat wounds, dislocations and also growth.
• Staff - physician is going from place to place
• On the wall, see instruments that look like capital omega
• Greek poet talking about Greek physicians
• Types of disease:
◦ Growths that arise from inside the body
◦ War or athletic injuries
◦ Disease inflicted by weather
• Type of treatment
◦ Surgery - used to cut out an object or cut out a growth. Could also be used
to make incisions in the skin in order to let some blood out. Could also be
used in phlebotomy which means to cut a vein and allow blood-letting.
This was used to relieve high fever, tension and pain.
◦ Soothing potion - medication that are given internally
◦ Pharmakon - medication (applying medication on the wound). ◦ Incantation - songs of healing. Trace of medicinal magic. In Homer, a
wound is bandaged and then incantations are used to stop the blood. The
idea here is that words can have direct effect on the body without any
• Can see here that there isn't a difference between medicinal magic and application
• Practice of phlebotomy - make an incision in the armpit of a person to let blood
• Types of injuries seen here
◦ bandages to limbs
• Instrument the wall that draws out fluid.
Hippocratic Collection (pages 18-19)
• 450 - 350 B.C.
• Collection of 68 treaties. We're not sure if Hippocrates wrote all of these.
• Don't know much about the life of Hippocrates but he was famous for much of his
• Taught medicine for a fee
• Theory - in treatment you must look at the whole body and how everything is inter-
connected. Can not look at and treat just one part of the body.
• First started to