Classical Studies 3550E Lecture 3: Classical Studies 3550 Lecture Notes September 18 2018

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Cultural influences in early italy: villanovans, etruscans, greeks and. Italy: geography and resources: the apennine mountains down the spine of italy, the western side was more developed, early cities were focused there, metals were mined from these mountains. Iron: copper, tufa stone was also taken from here, the alps in the north, the mediterranean triad, grapes, wheat. Timeline: early italy, 1000 500 bce, olives, villanovan culture, 900 700 bce, etruscan culture, 700 200 bce, magna graecia, 800 300 bce, early rome, 900 509 bce. Importance of control of resources: this is what allows a society to gain status and wealth throughout the. Mediterranean: access to expensive or foreign materials by the people controlling the metal resources, access to the technological used to work the metal, ability to bury good, expendable wealth, social stratification. Burials: located outside cities, cist burial type, biconical type, cremation, burial goods, usually sparse, sometimes more elaborate.

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