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English 3554E -February 24th.docx

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Department
English
Course
English 3554E
Professor
Jonathan Boulter
Semester
Fall

Description
3554E                                                                                                                February  24 , 2014 Hughes (1930­ 1998) ­ He is a poet of nature o Nature is something to be admired   Remorseless  Relentless  Violent­ admires the violence in nature­ without complexity,  without an ethical category of evil, beyond good or evil  Predatory  Without pity o Nature is indifferent to the presence of humans  o It is possible for a poet to write a poem without any human tendencies?  No.  Does he use allegories of what it means to be human?  Uses language to speak about the natural world  Violence has an attraction to Hughes because it has a clarity to it,  not a thinking process • Hughes is criticizing and critiquing the human world­  wants to get back to a primitive vision of life­ simply  survival and predation • Hughes in unhappy with the ideal of civilization and nature  and morality, often critiquing religion— Christianity  o Nietzsche: the anti­ Christ (1888)  Christianity is a religion of pity for Nietzsche  Ethical weakness, allows the weak to be supported, allows  suffering to continue  Same things important for Hughes is important to Nietzsche:  Predation, survival, violence  Human responsibility is to him or herself  “One looses force when one pities… Suffering itself becomes  contagious through pity”  Christianity is a nihilistic religion­ condemns the human by  suggesting that says no to everything pleasurable­ will to power  says yes to everything, Christianity says no, no, no.  If we are to be authentic humans, we must strip away everything  and we need to allow ourselves to be the predator we are— haven’t 
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