Environmental Science 1021F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Peak Oil, Midwestern United States, Aquifer

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The Great Squeeze Questions
1. What is the Anthropocene era?
The geological period (chronological) for when humans began to have a significant
global impact on the Earth’s ecosystems.
2. A gallon of gasoline is equal to about how many weeks of hard human labor?
8, 10, 12 weeks of hard labor.
Gasoline should be worth much more expensive because of the cost of minimum wage
but we use machines.
We use machines instead of people because it makes the price of gas cheaper ($3 in the
USA).
3. What type of living arrangement was created on the dependence of cheap oil and large areas
of land?
Made transportation much easier and affordable, everyone could drive a car. A world of
convenience.
Created interstate highways with the large areas of land and the increased number of car
owners.
It created a new way to think about the world.
Allowed us to get to the moon.
4. What is Peak Oil?
In 2005, the oil peaked, it was gradually rising and then it peaked and began to decline
and plateaued.
There was a larger demand than there was supply; prices began to rise because it was
becoming scarcer.
When the oil production starts to decline.
See declines in many other minerals as well.
In order for some countries to get more, other countries need to get less.
5. What are some reasons that emerging economies, such as India and China, should not adapt
our western lifestyle and what are some of the reasons they do want to adopt it?
Everyone wants the Western lifestyle because of how it’s displayed, it brings prosperity
and happiness, causing more countries to want it and strive for it.
Causing more countries to buy cars and such.
China and India will keep growing and growing, so that the resources they’ll use will be
unsustainable and effect the rest of the world because we all share the same resources.
Expanding at their rate and use the resources of a westernized society are unsustainable.
China would use a hella lot of resources if it lived like the USA did with their population.
6. What is the latest emerging crisis we should be concerned about?
The freshwater crisis, 1 billion people don’t have access to fresh water.
Intersecular; affects many different aspects of life of both developed and developing
countries.
oAffects agriculture, education for children, and the climate.
The developing world takes water for granted, but we’re slowly depleting our freshwater
resources.
Water use has increased with our population.
7. What human activity accounts for 70% of all water use in the world?
Irrigation in agriculture.
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