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Lecture 14

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Western University
Film Studies
Film Studies 1020E
Barbara Bruce

Week 14 - Introduction to Psychoanalytic and Feminist Film Theories lecture outline: - film and psychoanalysis  prevalence of psychoanalytic theories in the twentieth century  Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan, Carl Jung  1895: Lumière Bros. screening and Freud’s Studies on Hysteria  film as dream  influence of psychoanalysis on filmmakers and screenwriters  history of psychoanalytic film theory  Cahiers du cinema (France) and Screen (Britain)  Christian Metz - feminist film theory  second-wave feminism (1960s to 1980s)  women in the academy  challenging the white, western, middle-class male “universal”  Molly Haskell, Laura Mulvey • revealing that “the unconscious of patriarchal society has structured film form” (Mulvey, “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema” 342)  expansion of feminist film theory • spectator studies • semiotics, Marxism, psychoanalysis • genre films • third-wave feminism o women of colour o diverse class perspectives - Laura Mulvey, “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”  she appropriates psychoanalytic theory “as a political weapon, demonstrating the way the unconscious of patriarchal society has structured film form” (342)  phallocentrism  cinema  woman as erotic spectacle  the male gaze • scopophilia o the desire to master an object  the audience as voyeur • identification with the male protagonist o active  the star becomes the “ego ideal”  through him, the spectator possesses the passive object, the woman • castrated woman o threat to man because of her lack  two options: • to investigate, demystify, and punish the woman • or to substitute a fetish or fetishize the woman o the woman is no longer whole,
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