Film lecture 2
• Without a perceiver art is just a sculptor, music is just black marks on a page.
• Film is less of an object and more of an activity in which the viewer engages dynamically
o Ques are organized into a system and depend on one another
o Art is experienced, and we involve our senses to figure out what it means.
Emotionally aroused by the art form. As well as being aroused sexually and
• Bardwell and Thompson claim that these forms are incredibly important
1. Narrative: the films story
2. Non-narrative: stylistic elements. How it’s filmed, why, when etc.…
You cannot separate film and content. The way a story is told is linked directly to what it’s about
(content) the narrative and stylistic elements form patterns. And our minds want to tie these two
things together. Every component in a film works together to form these patterns
• Subject matter is treated differently between art forms. (ex. Wizard of Oz book vs. movie
same subject matter, but films can create a different experience than the books do)
• two different movies on the same subject matter can create a different experience for the
audience (ocean’s eleven)
• Artists are able to shape materials in different ways and then our experiences will be
different. They are able to portray different meanings and cause us to feel in different
• Patterns queue our expectations, and are a form of play. And art is able to engage us.
• Parallels cue us to compare to similar scenes or characters to one another (wizard of oz)
• Variations cue us to see the differences between characters so repetition isn’t boring.
• Development put parallels and variations together in order to create an interesting plot
• Film makers like to challenge our expectations, but expectations are still grounded into
what is familiar. (game of thrones changes expectations)
• Form has to adapt and change in order to hold our attention
• Genre films create expectations about form, but if they follow our expectations and
become predictable we become bored, but on the opposite end of the spectrum if they’re
too ahead of their time they also could lose the attention of their audience.
• Some films aren’t ahead of their times, sometimes they can just be a mess.
• Films have to adhere and challenge our expectations. Hold our attention without being
• Context is able to cue our emotions.
• Conventions: what is allowable within the parameters in a genre; an agreement
between filmmaker and viewer.
• Titles, posters, preview, first scene of a film, all work to start up our expectations
• Real life experiences cue our expectations as well. The journey patterns that characters
choose we are able to connect our own journeys with those of the characters.
• We have to be able to accept certain conventions as a movie and not reality.
• Even documentaries are construction of art and don’t follow reality completely.
• Should be able to watch a film and realize that they are conveying a meaning.
• The conventions of