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HIS 1401E (300)
Lecture 7

History 1401E Lecture 7: The rise of stalin and his cult of personality #6

Course Code
HIS 1401E
Nicolas Virtue

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The rise of stalin and his cult of personality
- Recap
- Lenin and the foundations of soviet totalitarianism
- He is in the midst of a civil war and many of the policies are conducted in
the threat of total failure
- He seized power mainly by conspiratorial means
- Was this a temporary war measure of a foundation for a new government?
- Application of terror
- Much of opposition was fabricated to establish ‘necessary’ war
- Is an exclusionist ideology
- Effort to transform societal values
- Mass party (bolsheviks)
- Limited time frame though
- He is dying
- Doesn’t have a lot of time to make major government
- No idea to know where he would take things
- Takes stalin, his successor, to really take things to the next level
- Explaining stalin's rise
- By 1924 Lenin dies from a stroke and in 1929 Stalin comes into power for the
soviet union
- Inevitability
- End point for marxist/leninist form of totalitarianism
- Stalin was an extension of communist ideology
- This was the view of stalinism during the cold war
- But as well the enemies in the west would point to the horrors of stalinist
- Problem with this is that it is quite clear Lenin did not believe this
- In fact lenin did not want Stalin in power
- In the hospital bed Lenin gave his final testament to be read aloud to the
congress as his will.
- In this testament he did not name a successor he wanted an
oligarchy and shared power from the communist power.
- He made it very clear that it was not stalin and warned them
against Stalin
- Psychoanalysis
- Joseph vissarionovich Djugashvili (real name)
- Something unique about Stalin's personality that explained why it was him
to succeed
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