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Lecture 13

History 1401E Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Operation Sea Lion, Tripartite Pact

Course Code
HIS 1401E
Karen Priestman

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The Second World War
22 June 1940: The Fall of France
- “Miracle at Dunkirk”
- 27 May - 4 June
- 338 000 troops evacuated
- France surrenders: 22 June 1940
- 125000
- Hitler wanted to intimidate Britain into joining a separate alliance with Germany — fall
of France was important to this
- Obviously, this didn’t happen but that was Hitler’s plan
- Churchill and the British Empire were very clearly standing up against the Nazi regime —
they saw themselves as the only protector of Europe against Hitler
- The biggest advantage that Britain had was that it is an island — difficult to invade,
extremely complicated
Operation Sea Lion and “The Blitz”
- 8 August: Battle of Britain
- Luftwaffe attack
- Primarily an airwar
- Designed to bomb England from the air in order that they submit, then go
in with the land army
- British radar
- The Blitz: 24-25 August
- 17 September:
- Op Sea Lion postponed indefinitely
- Hitler had to change his plan believed that the British were hanging on because they
believed that the Soviet Union was going to join in on their side against Germany
- Decided to attack the Soviet Union fall 1940, instructed military officers to
start planning the invasion
- Needed to attack the Soviet Union before they actually joined the war take them out
before they were in and before the United States joined the war
- This was Hitler’s great mistake
Operation Barbarossa
- Invasion of Soviet Union: 22 June 1941
- Role of Stalin
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