History 1803E Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Cud, Demesne, Monastery

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Agriculture was most imp sector of economy due to large volume and value 2. Due the very large number of people engaged in agriculture. In the medival country side, the business of agriculture involved. People in the middle ages wud continue the system and expand it. Places in the west never came under this sytem, cuz it was a mountainous region. Consisted of lands, building , peasants and a lord ( peasants = serfs / tenants farmers ) Each manor cud be from 12- 16 families. Divded in 3 different sections: the lords demesne: 25% of arable land, the manor house, barns , staples gardens and orchards. Allowed peasants to use a portion of manor"s lands. Manor lords = aristocrats & institutions ( monestary or even a university) They were source of income in terms of agricultural supplies and cash: the peasants holding: Included large open fields which were divided into strips.

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