History 2147A/B Lecture Notes - Wild Night, Degenerate Art, Distorted Vision

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Published on 20 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
History
Course
History 2147A/B
Professor
History - Art and Culture in Nazi Germany
Transforming German Culture
-Hitler understood that if culture was effectively controlled it could
help him as much as propaganda
-everything was to be controlled as much as possible
-Nazis viewed themselves as a revolutionary unit so they wanted to
completely transform everything
-everything that was foreign was to be purged - national community
-aspired to develop a culture that appealed to everyone as it was
supposed to contained a shared sense of national community
-creating new culture was the most difficult task because cultural
taste is very individual
-every nation has a few shared tastes passed down, but everything
else is determined by the individual
-cultural tastes are very resistant to change - people are more likely to
accept the fact that Jews were the enemy (political views) than they
were to give up records or books written by Jews
-lenience to Nazi control over culture and leisure (due to the
difficulties of controlling it) - non-totalitarian?
German Art before 1933: modernism (avant-garde)
-famous for modernism art
-distorted notion of reality and their unorthodox method of presenting
it
-no such thing as objective reality
European Influences on German Art
-modernist arts could be found throughout Europe, travelled to
Germany and was then further developed
-often depicted the idea of big cities and loneliness
Germany Art After WW1
-much gloomier, defiant and critical
-many artists came out of the war traumatized by the warfare and the
poverty that came after it
-wanted to show Germany’s political and moral problems
-ie. painting of 3 disabled veterans (badly disfigured) who are now
only good for playing cards
-wanted to compel public to see the ugly side of war
-Nazis didn’t want to see this as they glorified war
-another theme was prostitution
Culture of Entertainment in Weimar Germany
- very shocking paintings even today
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Document Summary

History - art and culture in nazi germany. Hitler understood that if culture was effectively controlled it could help him as much as propaganda. Everything was to be controlled as much as possible. Nazis viewed themselves as a revolutionary unit so they wanted to completely transform everything. Everything that was foreign was to be purged - national community. Aspired to develop a culture that appealed to everyone as it was supposed to contained a shared sense of national community. Creating new culture was the most difficult task because cultural taste is very individual. Every nation has a few shared tastes passed down, but everything else is determined by the individual. Cultural tastes are very resistant to change - people are more likely to accept the fact that jews were the enemy (political views) than they were to give up records or books written by jews. Distorted notion of reality and their unorthodox method of presenting it.

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