History 2201E Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Cuban Missile Crisis, Igor Gouzenko

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Lecture 17 Part 3 Canada and the Cold War
The Cold War
o Canada had to take a firm stand in foreign policy
o Louis St. Laurent became Prime Minister
o No issues between French and English ideas of foreign policy at this
time
Uniting factor: danger/sense of danger from the Cold War
o Starts immediately after WWII
o Russia gained security after the war by adopting a communist regime
o Soviet Russia pushing into the heart of Europe spread fear, worried
leaders
Atomic bomb only heightened fears
o Agreed Declaration, Washington, November 15, 1945
Enhance exchanges of scientific information for peaceful
purposes
Control atomic energy to the extent necessary to assure
peaceful use
Eliminate from national armaments atomic weapons and all
others adaptable to mass destruction
Establish safeguards by the way of inspection and other means
to insure compliance
Prohibition f manufacture of nuclear weapons by any nation
except on instruction from the United Nations
Stipulate how existing weapons would be either destroyed or
transferred to the UN
Include pooling of scientific knowledge of atomic energy
UN to see to tit that the above points are followed
o Espionage became an issue
Canada a major target for Soviet intelligence spies
Igor Gouzenko
Worked in the Soviet embassy in Ottawa
Took many documents with him to the police and
exposed a massive spy ring within Canada and the US
No one believed him at first
Always wore a hood to hide his face during interviews
o Threat of war between USSR and USA a huge problem and seemed
very likely
Cuban Missile Crisis the closest it came to war
People started building bomb shelters, storing food, etc.

Document Summary

Lecture 17 part 3 canada and the cold war. The cold war: canada had to take a firm stand in foreign policy, louis st. laurent became prime minister, no issues between french and english ideas of foreign policy at this time. Uniting factor: danger/sense of danger from the cold war: starts immediately after wwii, russia gained security after the war by adopting a communist regime, soviet russia pushing into the heart of europe spread fear, worried leaders. Atomic bomb only heightened fears: agreed declaration, washington, november 15, 1945. Enhance exchanges of scientific information for peaceful purposes. Control atomic energy to the extent necessary to assure peaceful use. Eliminate from national armaments atomic weapons and all others adaptable to mass destruction. Establish safeguards by the way of inspection and other means to insure compliance. Prohibition f manufacture of nuclear weapons by any nation except on instruction from the united nations.