Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
Western (60,000)
HIS (2,000)
HIS 2301E (100)
Lecture

Lecture 40 – America in World War II.docx


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 2301E
Professor
Aldona Sendzikas

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Lecture 40, Part 1 America in World War II
Japan-USA Relations
o Japan had been actively rapidly expanding in Asia
America saw this as a threat to American interests
o July 1940
Roosevelt but an embargo on certain goods shipped to Japan
Aircraft parts, chemicals, etc.
Things were needed to sustain their economy and war effort
o United States Pacific Fleet should be moved from San Diego to Pearl
Harbor in Hawaii
Admiral James Richardson (commander in chief of the fleet)
told Roosevelt this wasn’t a wise move
Went public with view, fired; replaced by Husband
Kimmel
o July 1941
Freezes all Japanese exports in the United States and stopped
export of oil to Japan
US says is Japan leaves China and Indo-China; Japan refuses
o United States’ military power was in Japan’s way, conflict seems
imminent
Would have to attack Pearl Harbor as well as bases in the
Philippines
Admiral Isoruku Yamamoto said that they would need a
surprise attack
Thought they could cripple the United States’ fleet;
would take them at least 6 months to rebuild fleet
6 months would give them enough time to gain a
foothold in southeast Asia
Also would be attacking Allied forces in Guam, Hong Kong,
Burma, etc.
o Magic the American decoding system for Japanese messages
Anticipated that something would happen, thought they would
sabotage fleet
o December 4, code deciphered as “east wind rain”
Definitely going to be conflict between USA and Japan
o Largest naval force in Pearl Harbor, 96 vessels
Battleships named after states
Events of December 7, 1941
o Sunday morning, most soldiers are at church, officers playing golf,
sailors eating breakfast on their ships
o Battle of the Bands between bands on ships was the night before
o USS Ward sunk a Japanese midget submarine, no follow up
o Unusual number of aircraft approaching Oahu, reported
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version